Abstract

We measure the transmission of IR radiation through double-layer metal films with periodic arrays of subwavelength holes. When the two metal films are placed in sufficiently close proximity, two types of transmission resonances emerge. For the surface plasmon mode, the electromagnetic field is concentrated on the outer surface of the entire metallic layer stack. In contrast, for the guided mode, the field is confined to the gap between the two metal layers. Our measurements indicate that, as the two layers are laterally shifted from perfect alignment, the peak transmission frequency of the guided mode decreases significantly, while that of the surface plasmon mode remains largely unchanged, in agreement with numerical calculations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

2008 (3)

Z. Marcet, J. W. Paster, D. W. Carr, J. E. Bower, R. A. Cirelli, F. Klemens, W. M. Mansfield, J. F. Miner, C. S. Pai, and H. B. Chan, Opt. Lett. 33, 1410 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

M. Beruete, M. Sorolla, M. Navarro-Cía, F. Falcone, I. Campillo, and V. Lomakin, Opt. Express 15, 1107(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ku and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Express 15, 4515 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Phys. Rev. B 71, 165408(2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ye and J. Y. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1521 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, X. Jiao, P. Wang, H. Ming, and J. Xie, Appl. Phys. B 81, 787 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

R. M. Bakker, V. P. Drachev, H.-K. Yuan, and V. M. Shalaev, Opt. Express 12, 3701 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gérard, L. Salomon, F. de Fornel, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 69, 113405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and J. R. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101(2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, Opt. Express 12, 3629 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Z. N. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 927 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

E.D.Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, R. M.

Bao, Y. J.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beruete, M.

Bower, J. E.

Brown, J. R.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and J. R. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

Z. Ku and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Express 15, 4515 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campillo, I.

Carr, D. W.

Chan, H. B.

Chen, J.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. Y.

Z. N. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 927 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cirelli, R. A.

de Fornel, F.

D. Gérard, L. Salomon, F. de Fornel, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 69, 113405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deshpande, P.

Z. N. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 927 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drachev, V. P.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

E. N. Economou, Phys. Rev. 182, 539 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, F.

Fan, W.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.-X.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, E.

Gan, C. H.

García-Meca, C.

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuno, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuno, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425(2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gbur, G.

Gérard, D.

D. Gérard, L. Salomon, F. de Fornel, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 69, 113405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, X.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hangyo, M.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Phys. Rev. B 71, 165408(2005).
[CrossRef]

He, M.-D.

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hibbins, A. P.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and J. R. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiao, X.

Q. Li, X. Jiao, P. Wang, H. Ming, and J. Xie, Appl. Phys. B 81, 787 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kamran, M.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klemens, F.

Ku, Z.

Lawrence, C. R.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and J. R. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, Opt. Express 12, 3629 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, X. Jiao, P. Wang, H. Ming, and J. Xie, Appl. Phys. B 81, 787 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.-Q.

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lomakin, V.

Long, Y.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, J.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malloy, K. J.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mansfield, W. M.

Marcet, Z.

Martí, J.

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuno, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuno, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425(2009).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, A.

R. Ortuno, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425(2009).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuno, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, Science 297, 820 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mary, A.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miner, J.

Miner, J. F.

Ming, H.

Q. Li, X. Jiao, P. Wang, H. Ming, and J. Xie, Appl. Phys. B 81, 787 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru and M. Hangyo, Phys. Rev. B 71, 165408(2005).
[CrossRef]

Navarro-Cía, M.

Ortuno, R.

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuno, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuno, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425(2009).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pai, C. S.

Panoiu, N. C.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paster, J. W.

Peng, R. W.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Platzman, P. M.

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101(2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, X.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, F.-F.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, S. G.

A. Mary, S. G. Rodrigo, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodríguez-Fortuno, F. J.

C. García-Meca, R. Ortuno, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Opt. Lett. 34, 1603 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ortuno, C. García-Meca, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuno, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 075425(2009).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, L.

D. Gérard, L. Salomon, F. de Fornel, and A. V. Zayats, Phys. Rev. B 69, 113405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

A. P. Hibbins, J. R. Sambles, C. R. Lawrence, and J. R. Brown, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 143904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shen, J. T.

J. T. Shen and P. M. Platzman, Phys. Rev. B 70, 035101(2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

Sun, W. H.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z. H.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, D. B.

Taylor, J. A.

Thio, T.

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, Opt. Express 12, 3629 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wan, Q.

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.-T.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Z. N. Yu, P. Deshpande, W. Wu, J. Wang, and S. Y. Chou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 927 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.-L.

M.-D. He, L.-L. Wang, J.-Q. Liu, X. Zhai, Q. Wan, X. Chen, and B. S. Zou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Q. Li, X. Jiao, P. Wang, H. Ming, and J. Xie, Appl. Phys. B 81, 787 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. J.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 76, 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H.

X. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Long, H. Wei, R. Liu, J. Ma, M. Kamran, H. Zhao, X. Han, B. Zhao, and X. Qiu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 066805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Structure of the double-hole array. (b) Part of the top metal layer and the oxide spacer is removed by focus ion beam to reveal the bottom hole array. (c) Measured optical transmission of samples A (dotted curve), B1 (dashed–dotted curve), and B2 (solid curve) for incident E polarized in the x direction. The dashed curve represents the transmission through sample B2 with E in the y direction. (d) Transmission calculated with finite-difference time-domain (FDTD).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Longitudinal E z field distribution for (a) the SP mode of sample B1, (b) the SP mode of sample B2, (c) the guided mode of sample B1, and (d) the guided mode of sample B2. The incoming wave is polarized along the x direction from the bottom with unit amplitude. Field with intensity exceeding unit amplitude is plotted in the same color as unit amplitude. The dashed lines enclose the metallic region.

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