Abstract

We describe a method that can be used for the coherent addition of laser pulses. As different laser pulses are initially generated in a laser-pulse compressor equipped with a tiled grating, such a coherent addition is indispens able in order to maximize the intensity in the laser far field. We present measurements in this context where, up to now, an unavoidable difference in the grating constants between the phased gratings reduced the maximum achievable intensity. The method significantly facilitates the high-precision alignment of a tiled grating compressor and could also be used for a coherent addition of laser pulses.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, T. Nguyen, J. Bunkenburg, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, Opt. Lett. 33, 1684 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

T. J. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

Baltuska, A.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Blanchot, N.

Bödefeld, R.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Bunkenburg, J.

Canning, D.

Castaing, M.

Chen, Y.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausnitzer, T.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cotel, A.

Crotti, C.

Deshpande, A. J.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galvanauskas, A.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Hornung, M.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 269, 285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Hulin, D.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kalb, A.

Kaluza, M. C.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Kato, Y.

T. J. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. H.

Keppler, S.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Kessler, A.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Kessler, T. J.

Kley, E.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koslov, A.

Labaune, C.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Le Bris, C.

Li, L.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 269, 285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

Marre, G.

Meyerhofer, D.

Mima, K.

K. Mima, presented at the Fusion Power Associates Annual Meeting and Symposium, Livermore, Calif., December 3, 2008.

Montant, S.

Mourou, G. A.

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mousset, S.

Mücke, O.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Mueller, G.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, T.

Pichon, P.

Podleska, S.

S. Podleska, “Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Strecken und Rekomprimieren von optischen Impulsen, insbesondere von Laserimpulsen hoher Intensität,” German patent application, Nr. 10 2006 060 703.1 (unfolded June 26, 2008).

Pugzlys, A.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Qiao, J.

Quetschke, V.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Reitze, D. H.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roithner, S.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Rouyer, C.

Sauerbrey, R.

Sävert, A.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Schnepp, M.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Siebold, M.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, R. Sauerbrey, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Opt. 46, 7432 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Tanner, D. B.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhoef, A. J.

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

Wachs, R.

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

Wattellier, B.

Whiting, B. F.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, S.

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yonemura, M.

T. J. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, L.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 269, 285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. J.

T. J. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

C. Labaune, D. Hulin, A. Galvanauskas, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 4075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 269, 285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, Opt. Commun. 145, 367 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Wise, V. Quetschke, A. J. Deshpande, G. Mueller, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, B. F. Whiting, Y. Chen, A. Tünnermann, E. Kley, and T. Clausnitzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, submitted to Appl. Phys. B, doi: 10.1007/s00340-010-3952-7.

S. Podleska, “Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Strecken und Rekomprimieren von optischen Impulsen, insbesondere von Laserimpulsen hoher Intensität,” German patent application, Nr. 10 2006 060 703.1 (unfolded June 26, 2008).

S. Roithner, A. J. Verhoef, O. Mücke, G. A. Reider, A. Pugzlys, and A. Baltuska, “Anordnung zur optischen Verstärkung von Lichtpulsen,” Austrian patent application, Nr. A 696/2008 (filed May 2, 2008).

K. Mima, presented at the Fusion Power Associates Annual Meeting and Symposium, Livermore, Calif., December 3, 2008.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Setup of the POLARIS pulse compressor: two parallel grating arrays and a folding mirror are used to recompress the stretched and amplified laser pulses. The grating for the second and third pass is tiled [15]. (b) Optical path delay between fixed and adjustable grating by a piston translation. The dashed–dotted lines indicate the phase front of the corresponding ray. i is the impact of the incoming beam on the adjustable grating, and l 1 + l 2 is the phase delay for the given piston. (c) Front view of the tiled grating. Bordering regions of the center wavelength will obtain a transversal phase mismatch for d piston 0 . (d) Setup of the spectrally resolved far-field measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrally resolved far-field measurements and calculations. (a), (b) Measurement and calculation for d piston = 0 and d shift = 0 . (c), (d) Measurement and calculation for d piston = + 70 μm . (e), (f) Measurement and calculation for d piston = 30 μm . (g) θ tilt = 10 μ rad . (h) d shift = 0.4 of the gratings groove spacing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Calculated phase mismatch between the two beam parts for d piston = 40 μm around the center wavelength of 1030 nm . The spectral intensity shows the POLARIS spectrum. (b) Calculated influence of a phase mismatch in the far-field pattern for different tiling ratios and phase-mismatch values. (c) Measured line-outs for the 473 nm alignment beam far-field pattern. (d)–(f) Far field of a 473 nm alignment laser illuminating the tiled grating (d) without a phase mismatch, (e) phase mismatch of π, and (f) a phase mismatch of 0.5 π induced by a piston translation. All measurements were taken with a 50 : 50 tiling ratio.

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