Abstract

A passive optical resonator is used to enhance the power of a pulsed 78MHz repetition rate Yb laser providing 200fs pulses. We find limitations relating to the achievable time-averaged and peak power, which we distinguish by varying the duration of the input pulses. An intracavity average power of 18kW is generated with close to Fourier-limited pulses of 10W average power. Beyond this power level, intensity-related effects lead to resonator instabilities, which can be removed by chirping the seed laser pulses. By extending the pulse duration in this way to 2ps, we could obtain 72kW of intracavity circulating power with 50W of input power.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 33, 1099 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).
  7. D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).
  9. F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 35, 94 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441(1980).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

P. Russbüldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, Opt. Express 17, 12230(2009).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 33, 1099 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441(1980).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. V.

Anderson, S. G.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, C. P. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brown, W. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441(1980).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Fermann, M. E.

Fernandez, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaarde, M. B.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gabler, T.

Gibson, D. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graf, R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graves, W. S.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).

Hanf, S.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441(1980).
[CrossRef]

Hartemann, F. V.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hartouni, E. P.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

Herrmann, M.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, H. D.

Holzwarth, R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hostetter, J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, D. D.

Ilday, F. O.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).

Jones, R. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaertner, F. X.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).

Krausz, F.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

Limpert, J.

Mans, T.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Moll, K. D.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moncton, D. E.

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).

Ozawa, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poprawe, R.

Rauschenberger, J.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Röser, F.

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rotarius, G.

Russbüldt, P.

Schafer, K. J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Schmidt, O.

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Schuessler, H. A.

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seise, E.

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

Springer, P. T.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J. L.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tremaine, A. M.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, Th.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, D. R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Wootton, A. J.

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 33, 1099 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, T. R. Schibli, A. Marcinkevicius, D. C. Yost, D. D. Hudson, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 32, 2870(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yost, D. C.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Hentschel, Z. Cheng, F. Krausz, and Ch. Spielmann, Appl. Phys. B 70 [Suppl.], S161 (2000).

T. Eidam, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 92, 9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. Gohle, Th. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 436, 234 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (1)

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, J. Ye, J. L. Tate, J. Hostetter, M. B. Gaarde, and K. J. Schafer, Nature Phys. 5, 815 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441(1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. J. Jones, K. D. Moll, M. J. Thorpe, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, C. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

F. V. Hartemann, W. J. Brown, D. J. Gibson, S. G. Anderson, A. M. Tremaine, P. T. Springer, A. J. Wootton, E. P. Hartouni, and C. P. J. Barty, Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 100702 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

F. X. Kaertner, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and F. O. Ilday, “Compact, high-flux, short-pulse x-ray source,” U.S. patent application 20060251217 (November 9, 2006).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: (a) seeding laser [10] and (b) enhancement cavity. M2–M8, dielectric mirrors with R = 99.995 % ± 20 ppm (parts per million) (ring-down measurement); M1, 99.86% reflectivity input coupler. M5 and M6 have a radius of curvature of 150 mm and enclose the 22 μm cavity focus ( 1 / e 2 radius calculated at the stability range center). HWP, half-wave plate; LCAR, large circular aperture reflector; diagnostics, photodiode/power meter/spectrometer/autocorrelator/beam profiler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Circulating power versus input power for a constant intracavity pulse duration of 200 fs . (b) Circulating power versus pulse duration for constant input power of 50 W . The squares show the ratio of the values of P refl and P leak normalized to their average. (c) Beam diameter ( 1 / e 2 value, measured behind diagnostic mirror) versus P circ (for different pulse durations).

Metrics