Abstract

Wideband and frequency-tunable microwave signal generation using an optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a Fabry–Perot laser diode (FP-LD) with external optical injection is proposed and demonstrated. Through external injection, the FP-LD functions as a tunable high-Q photonic microwave filter, and the frequency tuning is realized by either tuning the wavelength of the externally injected optical light or changing the temperature to adjust the longitudinal modes of the FP-LD. An experiment is performed; a microwave signal with a frequency tunable from 6.41 to 10.85GHz is generated. The phase noise performance of the generated microwave signal is also investigated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 21, 483 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. S. Yao and G. Lutes, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3531 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.
  7. S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  8. S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Poinsot, H. Porte, J. P. Goedgebuer, W. T. Rhodes, and B. Boussert, Opt. Lett. 27, 1300 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Ilchenko and D. Eliyahu, U.S. patent 7,184,451 (Feb. 27, 2007).
  11. E. Shumakher, S. Dúill, and G. Eisenstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4063 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1996 (2)

X. S. Yao and G. Lutes, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 21, 483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boussert, B.

Chand, N.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Dong, Y.

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dúill, S.

Eisenstein, G.

E. Shumakher, S. Dúill, and G. Eisenstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4063 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eliyahu, D.

V. Ilchenko and D. Eliyahu, U.S. patent 7,184,451 (Feb. 27, 2007).

Freund, J. M.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Gao, Y.

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y. Z.

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geary, J. M.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Goedgebuer, J. P.

Huo, L.

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V.

V. Ilchenko and D. Eliyahu, U.S. patent 7,184,451 (Feb. 27, 2007).

Izutsu, M.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Lentz, C. W.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Lou, C.

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, C. Y.

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lutes, G.

X. S. Yao and G. Lutes, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Mason, B.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Ougazzaden, A.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Pan, S. L.

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Poinsot, S.

Porte, H.

Rhodes, W. T.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shumakher, E.

E. Shumakher, S. Dúill, and G. Eisenstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4063 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 21, 483 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. S. Yao and G. Lutes, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, Electron. Lett. 43, 1031 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Y. Lou, and Y. Z. Gao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 981 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao and G. Lutes, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 688 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Shumakher and G. Eisenstein, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. L. Pan, L. Huo, Y. Yang, C. Lou, and Y. Gao, Proc. SPIE 6021, 602108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Yu, K. Kojima, N. Chand, A. Ougazzaden, C. W. Lentz, J. M. Geary, J. M. Freund, and B. Mason, in The 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (LEOS 2001), (IEEE/LEOS, 2001), Vol. 1, p. 358.

V. Ilchenko and D. Eliyahu, U.S. patent 7,184,451 (Feb. 27, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency responses of the FP-LD-based photonic microwave filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Generation of 10 GHz signal using the proposed OEO. (a) Optical spectrum. (b) Electrical spectrum. Inset, span = 10 MHz , and resolution bandwidth (RBW) = 91 kHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase noise measurement for the generated 10 GHz microwave signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of the generated electrical signal with the frequency tuned from 6.41 to 10.85 GHz ; RBW = 1 MHz .

Equations (2)

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E 1 G ( ω 0 ) J 0 ( β ) cos ω 0 t + G ( ω 0 + ω m ) J 1 ( β ) cos ( ω 0 + ω m ) t + G ( ω 0 ω m ) J 1 ( β ) cos ( ω 0 ω m ) t ,
H ( ω m ) = V out V in R G ( ω 0 ) J 0 ( β ) J 1 ( β ) ( G ( ω 0 + ω m ) + G ( ω 0 ω m ) ) β V π ,

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