Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate 40320Gbit/s phase-coherent multiplexing based on cross-phase modulation and subsequent 32040Gbit/s demultiplexing using cross-phase-modulation-induced frequency shift in highly nonlinear fibers. An average penalty of approximately 7dB at a 109 bit-error rate is observed after the nonlinear processes. We also show the generation of a phase-coherent 320GHz optical pulse train. A delay-line interferometer based on differential group delay is used to verify the phase coherence characteristic of the multiplexed 320Gbit/s signal and the generated 320GHz pulses.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Igarashi and K. Kikuchi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok and C. T. C. Shu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu and P. Jeppesen, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, P. J.

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Chan, M. V.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, W.

Clausen, A. T.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Daza, M. R. H.

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok and C. T. C. Shu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Hayashi, M.

Hirooka, T.

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Igarashi, K.

K. Igarashi and K. Kikuchi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

J. Yu and P. Jeppesen, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Ji, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Kamiya, T.

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Igarashi and K. Kikuchi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Koonen, A. M. J.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. P. R.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Murai, H.

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Ogawa, Y.

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, K.

Okazaki, M.

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Osawa, K.

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Otani, T.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Scaffardi, M.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Shu, C. T. C.

M. P. Fok and C. T. C. Shu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. M.

Sotobayashi, H.

Summerfield, M. A.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

Tanaka, H.

Tsuchiya, M.

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Verdurmen, E. J. M.

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Wu, X.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Yilmaz, O. F.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

Yu, J.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. V. Chan, R. S. Tucker, A. J. Lowery, and M. A. Summerfield, Electron. Lett. 30, 1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. R. H. Daza, H. F. Liu, M. Tsuchiya, Y. Ogawa, and T. Kamiya, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1287(1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Igarashi and K. Kikuchi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok and C. T. C. Shu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 182 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka, K. Osawa, M. Okazaki, M. Nakazawa, and H. Murai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1694 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1005 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. J. M. Verdurmen, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, H. Ji, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OThF3.

X. Wu, A. Bogoni, S. Nuccio, O. F. Yilmaz, M. Scaffardi, and A. E. Willner, “High-speed optical WDM-to-TDM conversion using fiber nonlinearities,” to be published in IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System block diagram. Short-pulse data is first multicast to multiple wavelength channels. After optical time alignment, they are multiplexed to a single high-rate channel. The high-rate signal is then demultiplexed to a lower-rate signal for performance evaluation. MUX, multiplex; DEMUX, demultiplex; XPM, cross-phase modulation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. MLL, mode-locked laser; TDL, tunable delay line; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; BPF, bandpass filter; CW, continuous wave; MUX, multiplexing; DEMUX, demultiplexing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results: (a) supercontinuum; (b) optical spectrum after eightfold multiplexing; (c) optical spectrum after demultiplexing; (d) eye diagram of the multiplexed 320 Gbit / s signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance of the multicast copies and the 40 Gbit / s tributaries of the multiplexed 320 Gbit / s signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Generation of 320 GHz phase-coherent clock: (a) 320 GHz clock after the DLI before the XPM process; (b) DLI output with the 320 GHz clock after the XPM process.

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