Abstract

We demonstrate a variable optical delay element that uses tunable wavelength conversion and phase conjugation in highly nonlinear fiber and uses chromatic dispersion in dispersion-compensating fiber. A continuous delay of up to 1.16μs, equaling a >110,000 time-delay bit-rate product for 100 Gbit/s non-return-to-zero differential quadrature phase-shift-keying (NRZ-DQSPK) and >55,000 for 50 Gbit/s NRZ differential phase-shift-keying (NRZ-DPSK) modulation formats, is demonstrated. Bit error rates <109 are demonstrated for each waveform at various delay settings.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. E. Willner , in The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007. LEOS 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WFF1.
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    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Raybon and P. Winzer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuG1.
  4. S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 35, 523 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Dai , X. Chen , Y. Okawachi , A. C. Turner-Foster , M. A. Foster , M. Lipson , A. L. Gaeta , and C. Xu , Opt. Express 17, 7004 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.
  9. Y. Dai , Y. Okawachi , A. C. Turner-Foster , M. Lipson , A. L. Gaeta , and C. Xu , Opt. Express 18, 333 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.
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    [PubMed]
  12. S. Namiki and T. Kurosu , in European Conference on Optical Communications (2008), paper Th.3.C.3.
  13. T. Kurosu and S. Namiki , Opt. Lett. 34, 1441 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

2005 (1)

Alic, N.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Bogoni, A.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, X.

Christen, L. C.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Dai, Y.

Fazal, I.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Fejer, M.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Jopson, R. M.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Karlsson, M.

Ku, P.-Ch.

Kuo, B. P. P.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Kurosu, T.

T. Kurosu and S. Namiki , Opt. Lett. 34, 1441 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu , in European Conference on Optical Communications (2008), paper Th.3.C.3.

Langrock, C.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Lipson, M.

McKinstrie, C. J.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Moro, S.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Myslivets, E.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Namiki, S.

T. Kurosu and S. Namiki , Opt. Lett. 34, 1441 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu , in European Conference on Optical Communications (2008), paper Th.3.C.3.

Nuccio, S. R.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 35, 523 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Okawachi, Y.

Radic, S.

E. Myslivets , N. Alic , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , M. Karlsson , and S. Radic , Opt. Express 17, 11958 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

Raybon, G.

G. Raybon and P. Winzer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuG1.

Tucker, R. S.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, J.

X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

Wang, X.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 35, 523 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Willner , in The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007. LEOS 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WFF1.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Winzer, P.

G. Raybon and P. Winzer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuG1.

Wu, X.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 35, 523 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

Xu, C.

Yilmaz, O.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

Yilmaz, O. F.

X. Wu , J. Wang , O. F. Yilmaz , S. R. Nuccio , A. Bogoni , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 34, 3926 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , Opt. Lett. 35, 523 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (6)

G. Raybon and P. Winzer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuG1.

L. C. Christen , I. Fazal , O. Yilmaz , X. Wu , S. R. Nuccio , A. E. Willner , C. Langrock , and M. Fejer , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OTuD1.

S. R. Nuccio , O. F. Yilmaz , X. Wang , J. Wang , X. Wu , and A. E. Willner , in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFJ2.
[PubMed]

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu , in European Conference on Optical Communications (2008), paper Th.3.C.3.

A. E. Willner , in The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007. LEOS 2007 (IEEE, 2007), paper WFF1.

N. Alic , E. Myslivets , S. Moro , B. P. P. Kuo , R. M. Jopson , C. J. McKinstrie , and S. Radic , in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper PDPA1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram. DCF, dispersion compensating fiber; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; BPF, bandpass filter; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; RX, receiver; HNLF, highly nonlinear fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured delay of 1.16 μs . (b) Calculated residual intrachannel dispersion slope after two passes through the dispersive element.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Received optical duobinary signal of the I channel showing 275 ps delay changes for 10 pm wavelength shifts at a converted wavelength of 1575.8 nm . (b) Experimental spectra of the first stage (top) and phase conjugation stage (bottom) at the minimum delay value.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured bit-error-rate performance of (a) 100 Gbit / s DQPSK and (b) 50 Gbit / s DPSK for the minimum, middle, and maximum delay values.

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