Abstract

We demonstrate a method to control remotely the terahertz (THz) source in air based on the bifilamentation of femtosecond laser pulses. By fine tuning the time delay between the two pulses, a significant modulation of the THz intensity from bifilamentation is observed. The phenomenon is attributed to the molecule quantum lensing effect around the air molecule revival time, which changes the separation between the two neighboring plasma producing filaments.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. J. Linden and W. R. Neal, in Proceedings of the 34th Applied Imagery and Pattern Recognition Workshop (IEEE, 2005).
  5. C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11480 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartel, T.

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bettermann, A.

M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, M. K.

M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, J.

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duling, I. N.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Durand, M.

Elsaesser, T.

Franco, M.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaal, P.

Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11480 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jackson, J. B.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lange, R.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Linden, K. J.

K. J. Linden and W. R. Neal, in Proceedings of the 34th Applied Imagery and Pattern Recognition Workshop (IEEE, 2005).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11480 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menu, M.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G. A.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, M.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11480 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Neal, W. R.

K. J. Linden and W. R. Neal, in Proceedings of the 34th Applied Imagery and Pattern Recognition Workshop (IEEE, 2005).

Nibbering, E.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pickwell, E.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

Y. Liu, A. Houard, M. Durand, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Express 17, 11480 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

Ripoche, J.-F.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van der Weide, D. W.

M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallace, V. P.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Whitaker, J. F.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Williamson, S. L.

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. B. Jackson, M. Mourou, J. F. Whitaker, I. N. Duling, S. L. Williamson, M. Menu, and G. A. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 281, 527 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 135, 310(1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

M. K. Choi, A. Bettermann, and D. W. Van der Weide, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 362, 337 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 235002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

K. J. Linden and W. R. Neal, in Proceedings of the 34th Applied Imagery and Pattern Recognition Workshop (IEEE, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Terahertz intensity as a function of the distance between the two filaments. The two filaments were created by two laser pulses of 50 fs duration and 1.5 mJ energy. The maxi mum enhancement of the THz radiation is about 30 times as compared to a single filament.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated response of the O 2 (top) and N 2 (bottom) molecules.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Terahertz intensity produced by bifilamentation as a function of the delay between the two laser pulses (pulse energy, 2 mJ ; pulse duration, 50 fs ) around the half-revival period of N 2 molecules in (a) air and in (b) argon. The enhancement factor of the THz radiation in case (a) is about 10.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a), (b) Measurement of the variation of the THz intensity as a function of delay between the two laser pulses around the half- and full-revival period of O 2 . (c), (d) show the same measurements in N 2 for time around 1 and 3 / 2 of the revival period. Enhancement of the THz radiation is about 20 for each panel.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a)–(c) Damage patterns produced by the bifilament on a glass plate in N 2 at the three sequential time delays indicated in Fig. 4c.

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