Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization-sensitive diffractive optical element by femtosecond laser direct writing of light-induced self-assembled nano-gratings in bulk silica glass. Manipulation of the induced form bire fringence is achieved by controlling the writing parameters, in particular, the polarization azimuth of the writing beam. The performance of the diffraction-based circular-polarization beam splitter agrees with the theoretical prediction. The method allows extending the operation of space-variant subwavelength gratings of beam polarization converters to the visible range.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 26 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photonics 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Poumellec, M. Lancry, J. C. Poulin, and S. Ani-Joseph, Opt. Express 16, 18354 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bellouard, E. Barthel, A. A. Said, M. Dugan, and P. Bado, Opt. Express 16, 19520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 28, 510 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Bricchi, J. D. Mills, P. G. Kazansky, B. G. Klappauf, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 27, 2200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (2)

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

Adachi, J.

Ani-Joseph, S.

Arai, A. Y.

Bado, P.

Barthel, E.

Baudrand, J.

Baumberg, J. J.

Bellouard, Y.

Biener, G.

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 28, 510 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999).

Bovatsek, J.

Bricchi, E.

Cai, W. J.

Cheng, C. C.

Davis, J. A.

Dugan, M.

Fainman, Y.

Fernandez-Pousa, C. R.

Franco, M.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 28, 510 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 26 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photonics 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

W. Yang, E. Bricchi, P. G. Kazansky, J. Bovatsek, and A. Y. Arai, Opt. Express 14, 10117 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bricchi, B. G. Klappauf, and P. G. Kazansky, Opt. Lett. 29, 119 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bricchi, J. D. Mills, P. G. Kazansky, B. G. Klappauf, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 27, 2200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klappauf, B. G.

Kleiner, V.

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 28, 510 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lancry, M.

Libertun, A. R.

Mawet, D.

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mills, J. D.

Mitsuyu, T.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, I.

Mysyrowicz, A.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niv, A.

A. Niv, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 28, 510 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Piestun, R.

Poulin, J. C.

Poumellec, B.

Prade, B.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riaud, P.

Richter, I.

Said, A. A.

Sakakura, M.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

Scherer, A.

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simova, E.

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 26 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Starrost, F.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sudrie, L.

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, P. C.

Surdej, J.

Svirko, Y. P.

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photonics 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R.

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 26 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tyan, R. C.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999).

Xu, F.

Yang, W.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. Shimotsuma, M. Sakakura, K. Miura, J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, K. Fujita, and K. Hirao, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 94 (2007).
[PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

R. Taylor, C. Hnatovsky, and E. Simova, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 26 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

W. Yang, P. G. Kazansky, and Y. P. Svirko, Nat. Photonics 2, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, Nat. Photonics 2, 219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Commun. 171, 279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Hasman, Z. Bomzon, A. Niv, G. Biener, and V. Kleiner, Opt. Commun. 209, 45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. R. Qiu, and K. Hirao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, and F. Starrost, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Top) quantitative birefringence microscopy image of a polarization diffraction grating. Pseudocolor indicates azimuth of the slow axis. Retardance (middle) and azimuth (bottom) profiles taken along the white dotted line.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Retardance dependence of written lines when polarization azimuth is at 45° to the writing direction. Structures are produced by lines separated by 1 μ m ; white arrows indicate sample translation direction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field diffraction images for linear and circular incident polarizations. Incident polarization state is indicated on the left side.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diffraction profiles measured for a He–Ne laser with a beam profile meter: (a) incident beam profile, (b) diffraction pattern for linear polarization, (c), (d) diffraction patterns for left- and right-handed circular polarizations, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Left) Coloration of birefringent structure in crossed polarizers when an additional constant retarder is added. (Right) Birefringent rose printed in silica glass using ultrashort light pulses. (Colors are enhanced.)

Equations (4)

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η 0 = | 1 2 ( t x + t y e i ϕ ) | 2 ,
η 1 , 1 = | 1 2 ( t x t y e i ϕ ) E in | RH , LH | 2 ,
η 0 = 1 2 ( 1 + cos ϕ ) ,
η 1 , 1 = 1 2 ( 1 cos ϕ ) E in | RH , LH 2 ,

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