Abstract

We have designed and fabricated a directed logic architecture consisting of two silicon microring resonators that can perform XOR and XNOR operations. The microring resonators are modulated through thermo-optic effect. Two electrical modulating signals applied to the microring resonators represent the two operands of the logical operation. The logical function is evaluated through the directed propagation of light in the device, and the result is represented by the output optical signal. Both XOR and XNOR operations at 20kbits are demonstrated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Hardy and J. Shamir, Opt. Express 15, 150 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. Xu and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 924 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Dong, S. Liao, D. Feng, H. Liang, D. Zheng, R. Shafiiha, C.-C. Kung, W. Qian, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, Opt. Express 17, 22484 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. M. Geng, L. X. Jia, L. Zhang, L. Yang, P. Chen, T. Wang, and Y. L. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 5502 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hardy and J. Shamir, Opt. Express 15, 150 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 924 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Amarnath, K.

Asghari, M.

Beausoleil, R. G.

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Feng, D.

Foresi, J.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geng, M. M.

Green, W. M. J.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, J.

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-T.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jia, L. X.

Johnson, F. G.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kung, C.-C.

Kuo, L. C.

Laine, J.-P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Li, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Liao, S.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 924 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. L.

Martinez, J.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ng, H.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, K.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, W.

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shafiiha, R.

Shamir, J.

Song, M.

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vikram, C. S.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. R.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 924 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.-Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Zhang, L.

M. M. Geng, L. X. Jia, L. Zhang, L. Yang, P. Chen, T. Wang, and Y. L. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 5502 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, D.

Zheng, X.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, J.-Y. Yang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, Appl. Phys. A 95, 1089 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Ng, M. R. Wang, D. Li, X. Wang, J. Martinez, R. R. Panepucci, and K. Pathak, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Y. Vlasov, W. M. J. Green, and F. Xia, Nat. Photonics 2, 242 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5, 14 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic structure and (b) micrograph of two cascaded microring resonators as an XOR/XNOR calculator (CW, continuous wave; EPS, electrical pulse train; OPS, optical pulse train; MRR, microring resonator).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response spectra at the through port of MRR 2. Voltages applied to MRR 1 and MRR 2 are (a) both 0 V , (b) 4.70 V and 0 V , (c) 0 V and 5.04 V , and (d) 4.70 V and 5.04 V .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signals applied to two MRRs and detected at the through port of MRR 2. Signals applied to (a) MRR 1 and (b) MRR 2 and (c) the result of XOR operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Response spectra at the through port of MRR 2. Voltages applied to MRR 1 and MRR 2 are (a) both 0 V , (b) 3.58 V and 0 V , (c) 0 V and 2.58 V , and (d) 3.58 V and 2.58 V .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signals applied to two MRRs and detected at the through port of MRR 2. Signals applied to (a) MRR 1 and (b) MRR 2 and (c) the result of XNOR operation.

Metrics