Abstract

The propagation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on gratings can be experimentally modified when magneto-optically active materials are used. We have observed this effect in Au–Co thin-film bilayers where a polymer grating was patterned on the upper surface. In addition, Au–Co–Au trilayers were grown on polycarbonate gratings, and the Co layer thicknesses and placement from the upper interface were varied to further investigate this effect. We show that the Co layer must be tailored to balance optical absorption and magneto-optical activity, while the pitch of the grating can be adjusted to tune the angular dependence of the field-dependent SPP excitation.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  2. J. Homola, Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Berlin Heidelberg, 2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. K. Hickernell and D. Sarid, Opt. Lett. 12, 570 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. V. Meenakshi, J. Chem. Educ. 84, 1795 (2007).
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  14. C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Meenakshi, J. Chem. Educ. 84, 1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Lan, Y.-C. Chang, and P.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1987

1986

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1977

P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Acimovic, S.

Armelles, G.

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, R.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Badenes, G.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belotelov, V. I.

Bertrand, P.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burke, J. J.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, D. A.

Cebollada, A.

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cesario, J.

Chang, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Lan, Y.-C. Chang, and P.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, R.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clavero, C.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doskolovich, L. L.

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, P. E.

P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Martin, A.

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Martin, J. M.

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, M. U.

Gonzalez-Diaz, J. B.

G. Armelles, J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, J. M. Garcia-Martin, A. Cebollada, M. U. Gonzalez, S. Acimovic, J. Cesario, R. Quidant, and G. Badenes, Opt. Express 16, 16104 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hendren, W.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, C.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hickernell, R. K.

Homola, J.

J. Homola, Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Berlin Heidelberg, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalish, A. N.

Kirilyuk, A.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosobukin, V. A.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumah, D. P.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lampel, G.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Lan, Y.-C. Chang, and P.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Guyader, L.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, P.-H.

Y.-C. Lan, Y.-C. Chang, and P.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lukaszew, R. A.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meenakshi, V.

V. Meenakshi, J. Chem. Educ. 84, 1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peretti, J.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, R.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Rasing, T.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Safarov, V. I.

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarid, D.

Skuza, J. R.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stafsudd, O. M.

P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tamir, T.

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wallis, R. F.

P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wurtz, G. A.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zvezdin, A. K.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Nikolajsen, K. Leosson, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5833 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Lan, Y.-C. Chang, and P.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Educ.

V. Meenakshi, J. Chem. Educ. 84, 1795 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 424, 824 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

G. A. Wurtz, W. Hendren, R. Pollard, R. Atkinson, L. Le Guyader, A. Kirilyuk, T. Rasing, I. I. Smolyaninov, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 10, 105012 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

J. J. Burke, G. I. Stegeman, and T. Tamir, Phys. Rev. B 33, 5186 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, J. M. Garcia-Martin, C. Clavero, A. Cebollada, R. A. Lukaszew, J. R. Skuza, D. P. Kumah, and R. Clarke, Phys. Rev. B 76, 153402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hermann, V. A. Kosobukin, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, V. I. Safarov, and P. Bertrand, Phys. Rev. B 64, 235422 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Physica B & C

P. E. Ferguson, O. M. Stafsudd, and R. F. Wallis, Physica B & C 86–88, 1403 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

J. Homola, Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors (Berlin Heidelberg, 2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dispersion relation for SPP modes in Co and Au films in contact with air considering their absorption losses. The orange dashed line shows the dispersion relation for Au considering no absorption losses. Due to its MO activity, the dispersion relation of Co splits into two branches when external magnetic fields are applied in opposite directions along the y direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) AFM image of the 627 nm pitch grating patterned on the Au ( 5 nm ) /Co ( 50 nm ) /glass bilayer (b). (c) Reflectivity (left) and TMOKE Δ R p p (right) measurements on the patterned area and on the nonpatterned continuous layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) AFM image of the 396 nm pitch polycarbonate substrate. (b) Sketch of the Au( d Au nm)/Co ( d Co nm)/Au ( 80 nm ) /polycarbonate system studied, where the capping thickness d Au and the Co thickness d Co were varied. Reflectivity (left) and TMOKE Δ R p p (right) as a function of (c) d Au and (d) d Co .

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k sp = k 0 ε m ε a ε m + ε a ,
k + m 2 π Λ = k sp ,

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