Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of 99fs pulses by a mode-locked laser oscillator built around a Yb:CaF2 crystal. An average power of 380mW for a 13nm bandwidth spectrum centered at 1053nm is obtained. The short-pulse operation is achieved thanks to a saturable absorber mirror and is stabilized by the Kerr lens effect. We investigated the limits of the stabilization process and observed a regime slowly oscillating between mode locking and Q switching.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Boudeile, J. Didierjean, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Benayad, V. Ménard, R. Moncorgé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Opt. Express 16, 10098 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
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  14. S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, E. Daran, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, J. Fluorine Chem. 128, 459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, K. Ogawa, K. Tsuji, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Yamakawa, Opt. Lett. 32, 1899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tokurakawa, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminiskii, Opt. Lett. 32, 3382 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

1964

S. E. Hatch, W. F. Parsons, and R. J. Weagley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

Aus der Au, J.

Balembois, F.

Benayad, A.

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boudeile, J.

Camy, P.

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Couchaud, M.

J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, E. Daran, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, J. Fluorine Chem. 128, 459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Daran, E.

J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, E. Daran, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, J. Fluorine Chem. 128, 459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Debourg, G.

Didierjean, J.

Doualan, J. L.

Doualan, J-L.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J-L. Doualan, X. Portier, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

Ferrand, B.

J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, E. Daran, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, J. Fluorine Chem. 128, 459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forget, S.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fournier, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Hatch, S. E.

S. E. Hatch, W. F. Parsons, and R. J. Weagley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Hornung, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

Kaluza, M. C.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaminiskii, A. A.

Kawanaka, J.

Keller, U.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucca, A.

Ménard, V.

Moncorgé, R.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Nishioka, H.

Noriyuki, M.

Ogawa, K.

Parsons, W. F.

S. E. Hatch, W. F. Parsons, and R. J. Weagley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Petit, V.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J-L. Doualan, X. Portier, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Portier, X.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J-L. Doualan, X. Portier, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Roger, J. P.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schaer, S. F.

Shirakawa, A.

Siebold, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

Tokurakawa, M.

Tsuji, K.

Uecker, R.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Viana, B.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weagley, R. J.

S. E. Hatch, W. F. Parsons, and R. J. Weagley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Wemans, J.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

Yamakawa, K.

Yanagitani, T.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, S. Bock, J. Hein, M. C. Kaluza, J. Wemans, and R. Uecker, Appl. Phys. B 89, 543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Gaumé, B. Viana, D. Vivien, J. P. Roger, and D. Fournier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Hatch, W. F. Parsons, and R. J. Weagley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 153 (1964).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Fluorine Chem.

J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, E. Daran, M. Couchaud, and B. Ferrand, J. Fluorine Chem. 128, 459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

V. Petit, P. Camy, J-L. Doualan, X. Portier, and R. Moncorgé, Phys. Rev. B 78, 085131 (2008) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 89 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) spectrum for the shortest pulses obtained in a stable cwML regime. (b) also shows the spectrum obtained with the short crystal and the normalized gain cross sections of Yb : Ca F 2 for β = 8 % and 12%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observation of the different regimes: output pulse duration versus intracavity dispersion. Pulse duration is indicated for stable cwML and metastable QS/ cwML ( * ) regimes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transition between cwML and QS operation in the metastable regime.

Equations (2)

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D th = 1 f th = η h P abs χ 2 π w p 2 κ c ,
D Kerr = 1 f Kerr = 8 n 2 L P intra π w l 4 f R Δ t ,

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