Abstract

We present a concept of parametric delay-dispersion tuner (PDDT) that is capable of the continuous tuning of delay and dispersion for wideband optical signals in a simultaneous and independent manner. We experimentally demonstrate a tunable delay of 22ns for 2.6ps return-to-zero optical signals without distortion and error-free transmissions at 43gigabits per second. We show that PDDT has a bandwidth of 0.9THz, resulting in the delay-bandwidth product of 20,000, and exhibits an excellent performance in terms of stability and reproducibility.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 16, 10349 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Christen, O. F. Yilmaz, S. Nuccio, X. Wu, I. Fazal, A. E. Willner, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 34, 542 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Namiki and T. Kurosu, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), postdeadline paper Th.3, C.3.
  6. M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, X. Chen, A. C. Turner-Foster, R. Salem, M. Lipson, C. Xu, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 16, 10349 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alic, N.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bres, C. S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Christen, L.

Coles, J. B.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fazal, I.

Fejer, M. M.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Hiroishi, J.

M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

Kurosu, T.

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), postdeadline paper Th.3, C.3.

Langrock, C.

Lipson, M.

Moro, S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Myslivet, E.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), postdeadline paper Th.3, C.3.

Nuccio, S.

Okawachi, Y.

Radic, S.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salem, R.

Saperstain, R. E.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tadakuma, M.

M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

Takahashi, M.

M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Willner, A. E.

Windmiller, J. R.

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Xu, C.

Yagi, T.

M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

Yilmaz, O. F.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

N. Alic, J. R. Windmiller, J. B. Coles, S. Moro, E. Myslivet, R. E. Saperstain, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. S. Bres, and S. Radic, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20, 1187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

S. Namiki and T. Kurosu, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), postdeadline paper Th.3, C.3.

M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, M. Tadakuma, and T. Yagi, in Proceedings of the ECOC2008 (2008), Vol. 2, p. 89.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operating principle of PDDT: SI, spectral inverter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: FMLL, fiber mode-locked laser; LNM, lithium niobate intensity modulator; SO, sampling oscilloscope; CR, clock recovery; AC, autocorrelator; OSO, optical SO; BERT, bit-error-rate tester.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Predicted effective dispersion profiles for various pump wavelengths. The zero frequency corresponds to the frequency of the optical input at 1561 nm . (b) Autocorrelator traces for the input and output pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Delay versus λ 1 paired with λ 2 min . Insets, eye pattern. (b) Bit-error-rate curve at 43 Gbps transmissions.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Predicted delay versus in-band frequency offset for various pump wavelengths, coplotted with the experimentally measured values.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temporal variation of the pulse delay for various input wavelengths. Inset, data in a magnified scale.

Equations (5)

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d eff. ( δ ω ) = m = 2 [ β m ( 0 ) ( ω 0 ) L 0 + ( 1 ) m 1 β m ( 1 ) ( ω 1 ) L 1 + β m ( 2 ) ( ω 2 ) L 2 ] δ ω m 2 m ! ,
D eff. ( ω 1 , ω 2 ) = β 2 ( 0 ) ( ω 0 ) L 0 β 2 ( 1 ) ( ω 1 ) L 1 + β 2 ( 2 ) ( ω 2 ) L 2 ,
S eff. ( ω 1 , ω 2 ) = β 3 ( 0 ) ( ω 0 ) L 0 + β 3 ( 1 ) ( ω 1 ) L 1 + β 3 ( 2 ) ( ω 2 ) L 2 .
β 3 ( 1 ) ( ω 1 ) L 1 Δ ω 1 + β 3 ( 2 ) ( ω 2 ) L 2 Δ ω 2 = 0 ,
Δ T ( Δ ω 1 , Δ ω 2 ; δ ω ) = i = 1 2 { β 2 ( i ) ( ω i ) Δ ω i + 1 2 β 3 ( i ) ( ω i ) Δ ω i 2 } L i + [ β 3 ( 2 ) ( ω 2 ) L 2 Δ ω 2 β 3 ( 1 ) ( ω 1 ) L 1 Δ ω 1 ] δ ω + O ( β 4 ) i = 1 2 { β 2 ( i ) ( ω i ) Δ ω i + 1 2 β 3 ( i ) ( ω i ) Δ ω i 2 } L i ,

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