Abstract

Enhanced spatial resolution in third-harmonic generation (THG) microscopy is demonstrated through manipulation of the polarization state across the focal field of a microscope. Enhancements in resolution of up to a factor of 2 are observed for a focal field linearly polarized at the center and switched to circularly polarized at the beam edges. As THG scattering is suppressed for circular polarization, the THG signal diameter is reduced, improving spatial resolution.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

D. P. Biss and T. G. Brown, Opt. Lett. 28, 923 (2003).
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R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
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M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Squier, M. Muller, G. J. Brakenhoff, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Express 3, 315 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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1975

1969

J. F. Ward and G. H. C. New, Phys. Rev. 185, 57 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
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Araki, T.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
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K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
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Asatryan, A. A.

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

Beaurepaire, E.

Beversluis, M. R.

Biss, D. P.

Brakenhoff, G. J.

J. A. Squier, M. Muller, G. J. Brakenhoff, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Express 3, 315 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
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Brown, T. G.

Carney, P. S.

Carrasco, S.

Christensen, P.

Davis, B. J.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duncan, M. D.

Eisenberg, H.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

Hashimoto, M.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, N.

Hellwarth, R.

Horowitz, M.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iglesias, I.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamachari, V. V.

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manuccia, T. J.

Masihzadeh, O.

Muller, M.

J. A. Squier, M. Muller, G. J. Brakenhoff, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Express 3, 315 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New, G. H. C.

J. F. Ward and G. H. C. New, Phys. Rev. 185, 57 (1969).
[CrossRef]

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Olivier, N.

Pereira, S. F.

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Potma, E. O.

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reintjes, J.

Ryosuke, K.

Saleh, B. E. A.

Schlup, P.

Sheppard, C. J. R.

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Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J. A.

Stranick, S. J.

Teich, M. C.

Toussaint, K. C.

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urbach, H. P.

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vohnsen, B.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ward, J. F.

J. F. Ward and G. H. C. New, Phys. Rev. 185, 57 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

J. A. Squier, M. Muller, G. J. Brakenhoff, and K. R. Wilson, Opt. Express 3, 315 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yew, E. Y. S.

Yoshiki, K.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc.

M. Muller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, J. Microsc. 191, 266 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Raman Spectrosc.

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. F. Ward and G. H. C. New, Phys. Rev. 185, 57 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of spatial resolution enhancement. The superposition of a spatially uniform phase in the s polarization and a π 2 rad phase jump on the p polarization switches the polarization state from linear in the center to circular at some radius r s . This suppresses the THG signal at the edges, giving rise to enhanced resolution.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning THG microscopy images of 100 nm diameter polystyrene beads with (a) uniform linear polarization state and (b) π 2 phase jump on the p-polarization component.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Phase applied to the SLM p polarization, relative to the beam intensity distribution. (b) Retrieved phase using tomographic phase retrieval. (c) Reconstructed THG image distribution (see text).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Enhanced resolution is shown as a function of polarization switched radius r s w . Also, a corresponding decrease in the collected THG energy signal is shown.

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