Abstract

A chain of four Tm-doped fibers amplified a single-frequency, 2040nm diode laser to 608W with M2=1.05±0.03, limited by available pump power. Stimulated Brillouin scattering limits were investigated by splicing different lengths of passive fiber to the output of the final amplifier stage. Integrated rms phase noise above 1kHz was less than λ30, suggesting the possibility of further scaling via coherent beam combining. To our knowledge, this is the highest power obtained from any single-frequency, single-mode fiber laser.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

1995 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (2007), p. 331..

Bagnuolo, W. G.

Baker, J. T.

Benham, V.

Book, L.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

G. D. Goodno, L. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, presented at the 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nov. 18-21, 2008.

Carter, A.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E. C.

Christensen, S.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Culpepper, M. A.

Ehrenreich, T.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Farley, K.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Farroni, J.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 2000), p. 163.

Goodno, G.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Goodno, G. D.

E. C. Cheung, J. G. Ho, G. D. Goodno, R. R. Rice, J. Rothenberg, P. Thielen, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Opt. Lett. 33, 354 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Goodno and J. E. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Optics (OSA Technical Digest, 2008), paper FTuJ2.

G. D. Goodno, L. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, presented at the 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nov. 18-21, 2008.

Harrison, R. G.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ho, J. G.

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S.

S. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khitrov, V.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Kovelev, V. I.

Lancaster, D. G.

S. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. A.

Machewirth, D.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, D. J.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pilkington, D.

Rice, R. R.

Ridgway, S. T.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J.

E. C. Cheung, J. G. Ho, G. D. Goodno, R. R. Rice, J. Rothenberg, P. Thielen, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, Opt. Lett. 33, 354 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Rothenberg, J. E.

G. D. Goodno and J. E. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Optics (OSA Technical Digest, 2008), paper FTuJ2.

G. D. Goodno, L. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, presented at the 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nov. 18-21, 2008.

Sabella, A.

S. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

Sanchez, A. D.

Shay, T. M.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spring, J.

Tankala, K.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

ten Brummelaar, T. A.

Thielen, P.

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ward, B.

Weber, M.

Wickham, M.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 85 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (2007), p. 331..

G. D. Goodno, L. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, presented at the 11th Annual DE Symposium, Honolulu, Hawaii, Nov. 18-21, 2008.

G. D. Goodno and J. E. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Frontiers in Optics (OSA Technical Digest, 2008), paper FTuJ2.

T. Ehrenreich, V. Khitrov, G. Frith, J. Farroni, K. Farley, K. Tankala, A. Carter, S. Christensen, B. Samson, D. Machewirth, G. Goodno, L. Book, and J. Rothenberg, in Proceedings of Advanced Solid State Photonics Conference (2009), paper WB2.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 2000), p. 163.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Four-stage Tm fiber amplifier layout.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SF amplifier output with linear fit to 54% slope efficiency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beam sizes measured using a scanning knife edge at 608 W output (symbols) and least-squares fit to M 2 = 1.05 ± 0.03 (solid curve). Inset, far-field beam profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectra at 5 and 608 W , normalized to 0 dB .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Path-matched Mach–Zehnder interferometer used to measure fringe visibility. The filter is adjusted to balance the power of the two beams on the detector. MO, master oscillator; Pol, polarizer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Interferometric fringe visibility data from the setup of Fig. 5 at indicated output powers and with coolant circulation pumps off.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Return power from the final amplifier stage for two different lengths of passive exit fibers.

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