Abstract

Symmetric and asymmetric diffusers with a directional diffusion property were both fabricated based on a photopolymerizable hologram material using an ionic liquid as an additive. The diffusion property can be regulated by changing the concentration of the ionic liquid. The fiber structure, the surface-relief structure, and the formation of nanoparticles led to the directional diffusion property of the diffuser.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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2008 (1)

H. Lin, P. W. Oliveira, and M. Veith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

G. H. Kim and J. H. Park, Appl. Phys. A 86, 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Parvulescu and C. Hardacre, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 107, 2615 (2007).

E. E. Garcia-Guerrero, E. R. Mendez, H. M. Escamilla, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, Opt. Express 15, 910 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

G. H. Kim, Eur. Polym. J. 41, 1729 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Chang and J. B. Yoon, Opt. Express 12, 6366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Wadle and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 1084 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cantalupo, J.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. I.

Choi, Y. S.

Dai, F.

Delboulbe, A.

El-Morsy, M. A.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Escamilla, H. M.

Garcia-Guerrero, E. E.

Gu, C.

Ham, Y. N.

Harada, K.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hardacre, C.

V. I. Parvulescu and C. Hardacre, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 107, 2615 (2007).

Hirose, K.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Honkanen, M.

Honma, H.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

Itoh, M.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, F.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, C.

Kaikuranta, T.

Kamemaru, S. I.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

G. H. Kim and J. H. Park, Appl. Phys. A 86, 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Kim, Eur. Polym. J. 41, 1729 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, J. J.

Kim, J. M.

Kim, S. I.

Kim, S. M.

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. J.

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuittinen, M.

Laakkonen, P.

Lakes, R. S.

S. Wadle and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 1084 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lautanen, J.

Lee, B. K.

Leskova, T. A.

Lien, J. R.

Lin, H.

H. Lin, P. W. Oliveira, and M. Veith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loiseaux, B.

Maekawa, Y.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

Mendez, E. R.

Murillo-Mora, L. M.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, P. W.

H. Lin, P. W. Oliveira, and M. Veith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parikka, M.

Park, C. Y.

Park, J. H.

G. H. Kim and J. H. Park, Appl. Phys. A 86, 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parvulescu, V. I.

V. I. Parvulescu and C. Hardacre, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 107, 2615 (2007).

Sakai, D.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, A.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. H.

Son, J. G.

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takano, M.

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tervo, J.

Turuner, J.

Veith, M.

H. Lin, P. W. Oliveira, and M. Veith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wadle, S.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Wadle and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 1084 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wasserscheid, P.

P. Wasserscheid and T. Welton, Ionic Liquids in Synthesis (WileyVCH, 2003).

Welton, T.

P. Wasserscheid and T. Welton, Ionic Liquids in Synthesis (WileyVCH, 2003).

Wuest, D.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yatagai, T.

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J. B.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

G. H. Kim and J. H. Park, Appl. Phys. A 86, 347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Lin, P. W. Oliveira, and M. Veith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) (1)

V. I. Parvulescu and C. Hardacre, Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 107, 2615 (2007).

Displays (1)

G. H. Kim, W. J. Kim, S. M. Kim, and J. G. Son, Displays 26, 37 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Polym. J. (1)

G. H. Kim, Eur. Polym. J. 41, 1729 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) (2)

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Wadle and R. S. Lakes, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 33, 1084 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

D. Sakai, K. Harada, S. I. Kamemaru, M. A. El-Morsy, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Rev. 12, 383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Honma, Y. Maekawa, M. Takano, L. M. Murillo-Mora, A. Sato, K. Hirose, and F. Iwata, Proc. SPIE 5290, 74 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Wasserscheid and T. Welton, Ionic Liquids in Synthesis (WileyVCH, 2003).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optic setup for fabricating the optic diffuser. Oriel Flood Exposure Source (Model 92540-1000, Newport, Colorado) was used as the UV source.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Direct transmittance (%) versus the sample tilt angle (degree) of the symmetric diffuser. The different composites may be seen from the different symbols of the skeleton.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Direct transmittance (%) versus the sample tilt angle (degree) of the diffuser with respect to the different ratios of ionic liquid. The different composites are marked with different symbols.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross section optic images of the diffusers based on composite 2. (a) Symmetric diffuser; (b) asymmetric diffuser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM images of the diffuser based on composite 2. (a) The surface image in 2000 × magnification. (b) The surface image in 6000 × magnification. (c) The cross section near the mask region. (d) The cross section near the substrate.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Composites for Fabricating the Optic Diffusers

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