Abstract

We report the frequency stabilization of an erbium-doped fiber distributed-feedback laser using an all-fiber-based Michelson interferometer of large arm imbalance. The interferometer uses a 1km SMF-28 optical fiber spool and an acousto-optic modulator allowing heterodyne detection. The frequency-noise power spectral density is reduced by more than 40dB for Fourier frequencies ranging from 1Hzto10kHz, corresponding to a level well below 1Hz2Hz over the entire range; it reaches 102Hz2Hz at 1kHz. Between 40Hz and 30kHz, the frequency noise is shown to be comparable to the one obtained by Pound–Drever–Hall locking to a high-finesse Fabry–Perot cavity. Locking to a fiber delay line could consequently represent a reliable, simple, and compact alternative to cavity stabilization for short-term linewidth reduction.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (3)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahashi, M. Ando, and K. Tsubono, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 122, 012016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. Sheard, M. B. Gray, and D. E. McClelland, Appl. Opt. 45, 8491 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-F. Cliche, M. Allard, and M. Têtu, Proc. SPIE 6216, 6216001 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Allard, M.

J.-F. Cliche, M. Allard, and M. Têtu, Proc. SPIE 6216, 6216001 (2006).

Amy-Klein, A.

Ando, M.

K. Takahashi, M. Ando, and K. Tsubono, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 122, 012016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

Boyd, M. M.

Camp, J.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

Chen, Y. T.

Cliche, J.-F.

J.-F. Cliche, M. Allard, and M. Têtu, Proc. SPIE 6216, 6216001 (2006).

Cranch, G. A.

Crane, S.

Cruz, F. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dangui, V.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ebihara, K.

T. Naito, K. Ebihara, M. Suetake, and E. Ezura, in Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2001), pp. 791-793.

Ezura, E.

T. Naito, K. Ebihara, M. Suetake, and E. Ezura, in Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2001), pp. 791-793.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Foremand, S. M.

Gill, P.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gray, M. B.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Holleville, D.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

Itano, W. M.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Kéfélian, F.

Kemery, A.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. K.

Kino, G. S.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

Lopez, O.

Lours, M.

Ludlow, A. D.

McClelland, D. E.

Millo, J.

Munely, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Naito, T.

T. Naito, K. Ebihara, M. Suetake, and E. Ezura, in Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2001), pp. 791-793.

Notcutt, M.

Numata, K.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oxborrow, M.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pugla, S.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

Sheard, S.

Suetake, M.

T. Naito, K. Ebihara, M. Suetake, and E. Ezura, in Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2001), pp. 791-793.

Takahashi, K.

K. Takahashi, M. Ando, and K. Tsubono, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 122, 012016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Têtu, M.

J.-F. Cliche, M. Allard, and M. Têtu, Proc. SPIE 6216, 6216001 (2006).

Tsubono, K.

K. Takahashi, M. Ando, and K. Tsubono, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 122, 012016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wanser, K. H.

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Young, B. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zanon-Willette, T.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munely, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. H. Wanser, Electron. Lett. 28, 53 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

K. Takahashi, M. Ando, and K. Tsubono, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 122, 012016 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J.-F. Cliche, M. Allard, and M. Têtu, Proc. SPIE 6216, 6216001 (2006).

Other (1)

T. Naito, K. Ebihara, M. Suetake, and E. Ezura, in Proceedings of the IEEE Particle Accelerator Conference (IEEE, 2001), pp. 791-793.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the laser frequency- noise-reduction system: AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PD, photodiode; VCO, voltage-controlled oscillator; PI, proportional-integrator filter; FM, Faraday mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency-noise power spectral density versus Fourier frequency of the free-running laser (dashed curve) and laser stabilized on a 2 km imbalance Michelson interferometer with (dark curve) and without (gray curve) a passive antivibration table.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency-noise power spectral density versus Fourier frequency of the laser stabilized on a 2 km imbalance Michelson interferometer with an antivibration table (dark curve), a reference laser (gray curve), an error signal converted into frequency noise (dashed curve), and a thermodynamic noise floor (dotted curve).

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