Abstract

We investigate experimentally all-optical clock recovery for return-to-zero (RZ) and nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals at 40Gbitss using a passively mode-locked quantum-dot Fabry–Perot (QD-FP) semiconductor laser. The QD-FP laser exhibits a beat spectrum linewidth of 80kHz, which enables a recovered clock signal with a root-mean-square timing jitter of 160fs for the RZ-DPSK signal and 240fs for the NRZ-DPSK signal. The timing jitter of the recovered clock signal is characterized for different values of the input signal power and the input signal optical signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).
  2. G.-H. Duan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2008) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMG3.
  3. J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3734 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3734 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Accard, A.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Brenot, R.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

Cartledge, J. C.

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dagens, B.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

Degens, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Duan, G.-H.

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3734 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

G.-H. Duan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2008) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMG3.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fu, S.

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gallion, P.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3734 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lavigne, B.

Legouezigou, O.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

Lelarge, F.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Poingt, F.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

Pommereau, F.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3734 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

Rousseau, B.

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shen, A.

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tang, M.

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tang, X.

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Dijk, F.

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y.

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

Zhong, W.

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, B. Dagens, F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, F. Poingt, O. Legouezigou, F. Pommereau, A. Accard, P. Gallion, and G.-H. Duan, Electron. Lett. 41, 3734 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Lelarge, B. Rousseau, B. Degens, F. Pommereau, and A. Accard, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1369 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Fu, M. Tang, W. Zhong, Y. Wen, and P. Shum, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 925 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

X. Tang, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, F. van Dijk, and G.-H. Duan, Proc. SPIE 7099, 709920 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G.-H. Duan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2008) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CMG3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured optical and rf spectra of the passively mode-locked QD-FP laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; O/E, O/E converter; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured rf spectra for RZ- and NRZ-DPSK signals with a resolution bandwidth of 1 MHz . Insets show the optical eye diagrams ( 10 ps /div time base).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the rms timing jitter on the input power of the RZ- and NRZ-DPSK signals with an OSNR of 34 dB . The rms timing jitter was measured with the sampling oscilloscope (◻) and derived from the SSB phase noise spectra (◼).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal traces of the recovered clock signals ( 10 ps /div time base).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Phase noise spectra of the recovered clock signal for RZ- and NRZ-DPSK signals with an OSNR of 34 dB . The input signal power to the QD-FP laser is 7.8 dBm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of the rms timing jitter on the OSNR of the input (a) RZ- and (b) NRZ-DPSK signals, where the input signal power is 7.8 dBm . The rms timing jitter was derived from the SSB phase noise spectrum.

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