Abstract

We predict theoretically and confirm experimentally that the Kerr-induced phase drift of a fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) operated with a laser instead of a broadband source is virtually eliminated when the sensing coil is made of an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber. This is the first demonstration of a laser-driven FOG with a Kerr-induced drift low enough to meet the inertial navigation requirement for a 10-h transcontinental flight.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Bohm, P. Russer, E. Weidel, and R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 6, 64 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. A. Pavlath, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Sensor (OSA, 2006), paper MA3.
  4. D. M. Shupe, Appl. Opt. 19, 654 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Proc. SPIE 5855, 198 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Dangui, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Express 13, 6669 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Crystal Fibre website, http://www.crystal-fibre.com.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. Required Navigation Performance, http://www.faa.gov/ATS/ato/rnp.htm.
  15. V. Dangui, Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford U., 2007).

2007 (2)

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Proc. SPIE 5855, 198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Dangui, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Express 13, 6669 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

1996 (1)

1984 (1)

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Bergh, R. A.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

Blin, S.

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bohm, K.

Chernikov, S. V.

Dangui, V.

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Express 14, 2979 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Dangui, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Express 13, 6669 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Proc. SPIE 5855, 198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Dangui, Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford U., 2007).

Digonnet, M.

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Kim, H. K.

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Dangui, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Opt. Express 13, 6669 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Proc. SPIE 5855, 198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G.

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Lægsgaard, J.

Lefevre, H. C.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Pavlath, G. A.

G. A. Pavlath, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Sensor (OSA, 2006), paper MA3.

Russer, P.

Shaw, H. J.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shupe, D. M.

Taylor, J. R.

Ulrich, R.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Weidel, E.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 861 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, and G. Kino, Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, and G. S. Kino, Proc. SPIE 5855, 198 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

G. A. Pavlath, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Sensor (OSA, 2006), paper MA3.

Crystal Fibre website, http://www.crystal-fibre.com.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, A. L. Gaeta, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2003), paper CThV5.

Required Navigation Performance, http://www.faa.gov/ATS/ato/rnp.htm.

V. Dangui, Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford U., 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated wavelength dependence of the effective Kerr constant of air-core fiber HC-1550-02.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the laser-driven PBF FOG for a Kerr-induced phase drift measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured dependence of the Kerr-induced offset on incident power in the SMF-28 FOG and the air-core FOG.

Equations (3)

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γ PBF = 2 π λ ( n 2 , silica A eff , silica + n 2 , air A eff , air ) = 2 π λ n 2 , eff A eff , mode ,
A eff = ( 1 n g 0 ) 2 ( ε ( r ) E ( r ) 2 d A ) 2 ε ( r ) E ( r ) 4 d A ,
Δ ϕ PBF = η γ PBF Δ P L eff ,

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