Abstract

We report on the dispersion of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility (χ(3) or “Chi 3”) in planar Ta2O5 waveguides in the telecommunications spectral window. We utilize the observation of third-harmonic generation under ultrashort pulsed excitation as a reference-free characterization method of χ(3) and obtain a large nonlinear coefficient, 2×1013esu, at 1550nm. Our observation of efficient third-harmonic generation in Ta2O5 waveguides in the telecoms window reveals the potential of this material system in high-speed integrated nonlinear optical switches.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C.-Y. Tai, J. Wilkinson, N. Perney, M. Netti, F. Cataneo, C. Finlayson, and J. Baumberg, Opt. Express 12, 5110 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).
  3. B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Samoc, M. Samoc, M. Woodruff, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Lett. 20, 1241 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Hashimoto and T. Yoko, Appl. Opt. 34, 2941 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hemissi and H. Amardjia-Adnani, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 2, 299 (2007).
  7. J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, X. Chen, I. W. Hsieh, X. Liu, C.-Y. Chou, E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, and J. R. M. Osgood, Opt. Express 16, 1280 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, Opt. Express 14, 12380 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. R. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 16, 14938 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. R. Lamont, B. Luther-Davies, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, X. Gai, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 16, 20374 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Express 15, 15047 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, and M. Couzi, Opt. Express 14, 11702 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.
  15. J. D. Mills, T. Chaipiboonwong, W. S. Brocklesby, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, C. Netti, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 31, 2459 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1991 (1)

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Amardjia-Adnani, H.

M. Hemissi and H. Amardjia-Adnani, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 2, 299 (2007).

Aoyama, M.

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J.

Baumberg, J. J.

J. D. Mills, T. Chaipiboonwong, W. S. Brocklesby, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, C. Netti, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 31, 2459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Blow, K. J.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Brocklesby, W. S.

Bulla, D.

Bulla, D. A. P.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carlie, N.

Cataneo, F.

Chaipiboonwong, T.

Charlton, M. D. B.

J. D. Mills, T. Chaipiboonwong, W. S. Brocklesby, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, C. Netti, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 31, 2459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Chen, X.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chou, C.-Y.

Constantine, P. D.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Couzi, M.

Dadap, J. I.

Delfyett, P.

Doran, N. J.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Duk-Yong, C.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Finlayson, C.

Flinn, G.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Gai, X.

Green, W. M. J.

Hashimoto, T.

Hemissi, M.

M. Hemissi and H. Amardjia-Adnani, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 2, 299 (2007).

Hsieh, I. W.

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M. R.

Lamont, M. R. E.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Libin, F.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lincoln, J. R.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Lison, F.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Liu, X.

Lucek, J. K.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Magi, E.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, I. W.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Mills, J. D.

Modine, F. A.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, B. P.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Netti, C.

Netti, C. M.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Netti, M.

Oda, H.

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, J. R. M.

Osgood, R. M.

Panoiu, N. C.

Parker, G. J.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, D. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Express 15, 15047 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perney, N.

Petit, L.

Postava, K.

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Roberts, S. W.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Samoc, A.

Samoc, M.

Sekaric, L.

Smith, K.

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, R.

Ta'eed, V.

Ta'eed, V. G.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tai, C.-Y.

Tauser, F.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wilkinson, J.

Woodruff, M.

Xia, F.

Yamaguchi, T.

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoko, T.

Zach, A.

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Zoorob, M. E.

J. D. Mills, T. Chaipiboonwong, W. S. Brocklesby, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, C. Netti, and J. J. Baumberg, Opt. Lett. 31, 2459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

K. Postava, M. Aoyama, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Oda, Appl. Surf. Sci. 175-176, 276 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. (1)

M. Hemissi and H. Amardjia-Adnani, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct. 2, 299 (2007).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. P. Nelson, K. J. Blow, P. D. Constantine, N. J. Doran, J. K. Lucek, I. W. Marshall, and K. Smith, Electron. Lett. 27, 704 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, F. Libin, E. Magi, M. R. E. Lamont, S. Madden, C. Duk-Yong, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 529 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

C. M. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, S. W. Roberts, M. D. B. Charlton, G. J. Parker, J. J. Baumberg, J. R. Lincoln, F. Tauser, A. Zach, G. Flinn, and F. Lison, in Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers V (SPIE, 2005), pp. 195-199.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron microscope images of the cross-sectional view of the waveguides: (a) sample A ( 2.5 μ m wide), (b) sample B ( 18 μ m wide). Spectral broadening of the pump beam at the end facet of sample A, solid curve. The dotted curve indicates the excitation pump beam with 8 nJ pulse energy centered at 1610 nm . Inset, dependence of the spectral broadening on excitation wavelength in the telecoms spectral window (constant excitation pulse energy 8 nJ ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Third-harmonic spectra and corresponding pump spectra over a range of telecoms and IR wavelengths with respective spatial and calculated mode profiles for waveguide samples A and B. (a) Third-harmonic spectra and corresponding pump spectra for sample A. (b) and (c) Spatial mode profiles in the visible and near IR with the respective calculated modes for sample A. (d) Third-harmonic spectra and corresponding pump spectra for sample B. (e) and (f) Spatial mode profiles in visible and near IR with the respective calculated modes for sample B.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase matching and χ ( 3 ) (Chi 3) dispersion in the waveguides. (a) Calculated effective index for the third-harmonic signal with open circles and solid circles for sample A and B, respectively. The fundamental pump beam with open squares and solid squares for sample A and B, respectively. (b) Resulting Δ k with open circles for sample A and solid circles for sample B. (c) χ ( 3 ) (Chi 3) dispersion, on wavelength: solid circles for sample A and open squares for sample B.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated Nonlinear Coefficient for Each Pump Wavelength

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ ( 3 ) = [ I ( 3 ω ) ( c n 0 ) 4 Δ k 2 ε 0 2 4 ω 2 I ( ω ) 3 ] 1 2 ,

Metrics