Abstract

We report the study on the nonlinear chirp effect introduced by third-order nonlinear media used as Kerr gates in time- and spectrum-resolved measurements. In our experiment, white-light continuum generated by a femtosecond laser was used as the source pulse to examine the chirping introduced by a variety of Kerr media of various thicknesses as the optical gates, and the results were compared with that gated by a 1mm β-barium borate noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA). Remarkable nonlinear chirp was observed in the experiments when Kerr media compared with that measured by NOPA. The results indicate that the chirping introduced by Kerr media is significant and cannot be neglected, especially when the Kerr gate is employed in broadband femtosecond time-resolved ultraviolet-visible spectrum measurements.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Opt. Commun. 1, 254 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Kang, T. D. Krauss, F. W. Wise, B. G. Aitken, and N. F. Borrelli, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2053 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Nakamura and Y. Kanematsu, J. Lumin. 94, 559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Gundlach and P. Piotrowiak, Opt. Lett. 33, 992 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Yamaguchi and H. O. Hamaguchi, J. Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1513 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. SCHOTT Technical Information, Vol. TIE-29: Refractive Index and Dispersion (2005).
  15. M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

2008

L. Gundlach and P. Piotrowiak, Opt. Lett. 33, 992 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Nakamura and Y. Kanematsu, J. Lumin. 94, 559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995

1988

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1969

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Opt. Commun. 1, 254 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aitken, B. G.

Borrelli, N. F.

Chen, X. H.

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cherlow, J.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Couzi, M.

S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Opt. Commun. 1, 254 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Freysz, E.

S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, S.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gundlach, L.

Hamaguchi, H. O.

S. Yamaguchi and H. O. Hamaguchi, J. Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Han, X. F.

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. W.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Opt. Commun. 1, 254 (1969).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kanematsu, Y.

R. Nakamura and Y. Kanematsu, J. Lumin. 94, 559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. D.

Lotshaw, W. T.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

McMorrow, D.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Montant, S.

S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, R.

R. Nakamura and Y. Kanematsu, J. Lumin. 94, 559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, H.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Piotrowiak, P.

Sugimoto, N.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, I.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

Weng, Y. X.

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Yamaguchi and H. O. Hamaguchi, J. Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.-T.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

X. F. Han, X. H. Chen, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1633 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. F. Han, Y. X. Weng, and J. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 443 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Spectrosc.

S. Yamaguchi and H. O. Hamaguchi, J. Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1513 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, J. Lumin. 87, 917 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Nakamura and Y. Kanematsu, J. Lumin. 94, 559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. Montant, E. Freysz, and M. Couzi, Opt. Commun. 281, 769 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Opt. Commun. 1, 254 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

SCHOTT Technical Information, Vol. TIE-29: Refractive Index and Dispersion (2005).

M. J. Weber, Handbook of Optical Materials (CRC Press, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical Kerr-gated spectrum of the WLC at a fixed delay with different media and the same medium with different thickness. (a) OKG-gated spectral slices with 0.5 mm quartz and 0.5 mm Sr Ti O 3 plates. (b) OKG-gated spectral slices with 0.5 and 2 quartz plates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Chirp delays measured by OKG with same medium of different thickness without GVD correction. (a) Quartz plates, (b) Sr Ti O 3 plates.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Chirp delays measured by OKG with (a) quartz plates of different thickness and (b) Sr Ti O 3 plates of different thickness, after subtraction of the thickness-dependent GVD.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison between amounts of chirp measured using 1 mm BBO-NOPA and other OKG media after eliminating the thickness-dependent GVD.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ τ = L v g ( λ i ) L v g ( λ o ) ,
v g ( λ ) = c n ( λ ) λ d n ( λ ) d λ ,
n ( ω ) = n 0 ( ω ) + n 2 ( ω ) E 2 = n 0 ( ω ) + γ ( ω ) I ,

Metrics