Abstract

We demonstrate the controlled coupling of a single diamond nanocrystal to a planar photonic crystal double-heterostructure cavity. A dip-pen deposition method and subsequent manipulation with an atomic force microscope was used to precisely position the nanocrystal on top of the cavity. The optical properties of this combined system are investigated with regard to changes in the quality factor and resonance wavelength of the cavity mode as a function of the size and relative position of the diamond nanocrystal. These studies represent an important step toward well-controlled cavity-QED experiments with single-defect centers in diamond.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C.-H. Su, A. D. Greentree, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, Opt. Express 16, 6240 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

2007 (4)

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, Opt. Express 15, 17214 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, Nano Lett. 6, 2075 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Jelezko and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, M. J. Steel, C. M. de Sterke, and J. Salzman, Opt. Express 14, 3556 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. S.

M. S. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Awschalom, D. D.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barth, M.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becher, C.

Benson, O.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beveratos, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buchler, B. C.

Butler, J. E.

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Childress, L.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, Y.-S.

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cook, A. K.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, Nano Lett. 6, 2075 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Sterke, C. M.

Deppert, K.

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Domhan, M.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feygelson, T.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

Gacoin, T.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaebel, T.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greentree, A. D.

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Su, A. D. Greentree, and L. C. L. Hollenberg, Opt. Express 16, 6240 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gurudev Dutt, M. V.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanson, R.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hollenberg, L. C. L.

Hu, E. L.

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jelezko, F.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Jelezko and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Junno, T.

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

Koenderink, A. F.

Kouba, J.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, C.

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. C.

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Löchel, B.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loncar, M.

Lukin, M. D.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayer, S.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCutcheon, M. W.

Meijer, J.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Montelius, L.

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mujumdar, S.

Neu, E.

Neumann, P.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nüsse, N.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, Nano Lett. 6, 2075 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poizat, J.-P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popa, I.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prawer, S.

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rabeau, J. R.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Riedrich-Möller, J.

Salzman, J.

Samuelson, L.

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghdar, V.

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stavrias, N.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Stingl, J.

M. Barth, J. Stingl, J. Kouba, N. Nüsse, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Phys. Status Solidi B 246, 298 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Opt. Express 15, 17231 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, C.-H.

Sünner, T.

Taylor, J. M.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

Twamley, J.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villing, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. F.

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, Nano Lett. 6, 2075 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittmann, C.

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wrachtrup, J.

F. Jelezko and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Status Solidi A 203, 3207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Gaebel, M. Domhan, I. Popa, C. Wittmann, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, J. R. Rabeau, N. Stavrias, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, P. R. Hemmer, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 2, 408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 290 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

L. Childress, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, J. M. Taylor, A. S. Zibrov, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, Science 314, 281 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

C. F. Wang, Y.-S. Choi, J. C. Lee, E. L. Hu, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 081110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Wang, R. Hanson, D. D. Awschalom, E. L. Hu, T. Feygelson, J. Yang, and J. E. Butler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nüsse, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Junno, K. Deppert, L. Montelius, and L. Samuelson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 123101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

Y.-S. Park, A. K. Cook, and H. Wang, Nano Lett. 6, 2075 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Illustration of the employed coupling scheme. (b) Calculated electric field intensity distribution E 2 of an ideal double-heterostructure cavity mode. (c) and (e) Calculated quality factors Q dia (associated with the optical losses due to the diamond NC) and corresponding shifts Δ λ of the resonance wavelength, respectively, when NCs of different sizes are placed on the center of the cavity. (d) and (f) Calculated total quality factors Q tot of the combined NC–cavity system and corresponding shifts Δ λ of the resonance wavelength, respectively, when an NC of 50 nm in height is placed at different positions on the central x axis of the cavity. The dotted curve in (d) indicates the value Q 0 of the bare cavity (without NC). The dashed curves in (c)–(f) are a guide for the eye.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated electric field intensity distribution E 2 of a realistic cavity structure as deduced from AFM measurements. (b) AFM images of the same NC–cavity system in different configurations. The arrows in (a) and (b) mark the center ( x = 0 ) of the cavity. (c) Experimental quality factors of the NC–cavity system (dots) for different positions of the NC on the central x axis of the cavity. The dotted curve indicates the value Q 0 of the bare cavity (without NC). (d) Relative shifts of the resonance wavelength of the cavity mode for the same configurations as in (c). The dashed curves in (c) and (d) represent the corresponding calculated data. The error bars for x indicate the lateral size of the diamond NC.

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