Abstract

A family of fibered nulling telescopes is described, based on the joint use of several recent suggested or demonstrated techniques, namely, pupil densification, multiaxial recombination and single-mode fiber modal filtering, and the use of a fully symmetric beam splitter arrangement. The concept seems appropriate for the realization of a spaceborne nulling telescope, searching for Jupiterlike extra-solar planets and a precursor of future missions, such as Darwin or terrestrial planet finder interferometer (TPF-I). However, it is generally not possible to satisfy at the same time two major requirements, being the depth and size of the central nulling area, and the global throughput for the observed planet.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. R. N Bracewell and R. H. MacPhie, Icarus 38, 136 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. TPF-I Science Working Group Technical Report, JPL Publication 07-1, P.R.Lawson, O.P.Lay, K.J.Johnston, and C.A.Beichman, eds., Jet Propulsion Laboratory (California Institute of Technology, 2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Ksendzov, O. Lay, S. Martin, J. S. Sanghera, L. E. Busse, W. H. Kim, P. C. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, and I. D. Aggarwal, Appl. Opt. 46, 7957 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. Hénault, “Simple Fourier optics formalism for high angular resolution systems and nulling interferometry” (submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. A).

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

O. P. Lay, Appl. Opt. 44, 5859 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

O. Wallner, J. M. P. Armengol, and A. Karlsson, Proc. SPIE 5491, 798 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, and N. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Serabyn, Proc. SPIE 4006, 328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. IIb: Mec., Phys., Chim., Astron. 322, 265 (1996).

A. Labeyrie, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 118, 517 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. N Bracewell and R. H. MacPhie, Icarus 38, 136 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

Aime, C.

C. Aime, ed., C. R. Phys. 8, 273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Armengol, J. M. P.

O. Wallner, J. M. P. Armengol, and A. Karlsson, Proc. SPIE 5491, 798 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barillot, M.

Bracewell, R. N

R. N Bracewell and R. H. MacPhie, Icarus 38, 136 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Buisset, C.

Burge, J.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, and N. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Busse, L. E.

Colavita, M. M.

Fridlund, M.

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gay, J.

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. IIb: Mec., Phys., Chim., Astron. 322, 265 (1996).

Haguenauer, P.

Hénault, F.

F. Hénault, Opt. Express 16, 4537 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hénault, “Simple Fourier optics formalism for high angular resolution systems and nulling interferometry” (submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. A).

Kaltenegger, L.

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, A.

O. Wallner, J. M. P. Armengol, and A. Karlsson, Proc. SPIE 5491, 798 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. H.

Ksendzov, A.

Labeyrie, A.

A. Labeyrie, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 118, 517 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lay, O.

Lay, O. P.

MacPhie, R. H.

R. N Bracewell and R. H. MacPhie, Icarus 38, 136 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Martin, S.

Mennesson, B.

E. Serabyn and B. Mennesson, in Proceedings of IAU Colloquium #200, C. Aime and F. Vakili, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, 2006), pp. 379-384.

Morgan, R. M.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, and N. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

Pureza, P. C.

Rabbia, Y.

C. Buisset, X. Rejeaunier, Y. Rabbia, and M. Barillot, Appl. Opt. 46, 7817 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. IIb: Mec., Phys., Chim., Astron. 322, 265 (1996).

Rejeaunier, X.

Sanghera, J. S.

Serabyn, E.

P. Haguenauer and E. Serabyn, Appl. Opt. 45, 2749 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Serabyn and M. M. Colavita, Appl. Opt. 40, 1668 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Serabyn, Proc. SPIE 4006, 328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Serabyn and B. Mennesson, in Proceedings of IAU Colloquium #200, C. Aime and F. Vakili, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, 2006), pp. 379-384.

Wallner, O.

O. Wallner, J. M. P. Armengol, and A. Karlsson, Proc. SPIE 5491, 798 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Woolf, N.

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, and N. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res. (1)

L. Kaltenegger and M. Fridlund, Adv. Space Res. 36, 1114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. (1)

A. Labeyrie, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 118, 517 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. IIb: Mec., Phys., Chim., Astron. (1)

J. Gay and Y. Rabbia, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. IIb: Mec., Phys., Chim., Astron. 322, 265 (1996).

C. R. Phys. (1)

C. Aime, ed., C. R. Phys. 8, 273 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Icarus (1)

R. N Bracewell and R. H. MacPhie, Icarus 38, 136 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

E. Serabyn, Proc. SPIE 4006, 328 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Wallner, J. M. P. Armengol, and A. Karlsson, Proc. SPIE 5491, 798 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Morgan, J. Burge, and N. Woolf, Proc. SPIE 4006, 340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

TPF-I Science Working Group Technical Report, JPL Publication 07-1, P.R.Lawson, O.P.Lay, K.J.Johnston, and C.A.Beichman, eds., Jet Propulsion Laboratory (California Institute of Technology, 2007).

E. Serabyn and B. Mennesson, in Proceedings of IAU Colloquium #200, C. Aime and F. Vakili, eds. (Cambridge U. Press, 2006), pp. 379-384.

F. Hénault, “Simple Fourier optics formalism for high angular resolution systems and nulling interferometry” (submitted to J. Opt. Soc. Am. A).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual design of the fibered nulling telescope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pupil arrangements and their resulting extinction maps (logarithmic grayscale) and throughput curves for Bracewell and Angel cross configurations at λ = 10 μ m .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Typical Achieved Performance of Coronagraphs Based on Bracewell and Angel Cross Nulling Configurations ( N = 2 and N = 4 ) at λ = 10 μ m

Equations (3)

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E ( u , v ) = B ̂ D ( x , y ) { G ( x , y ) × A ( x , y ) } 2 ( Fu , Fv ) ,
A ( x , y ) = n = 1 N a n exp [ i φ n ] exp [ 2 i π ( x x n + y y n ) λ F ] .
T ( u , v ) = E ( u , v ) P P 0 ,

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