Abstract

We demonstrate in situ characterization of a spatially varying polarization state of an optical field at the focus of a scanning third-harmonic generation (THG) optical microscope. Polarization projections are measured by forming THG images of a polystyrene microsphere scanned through the focused beam and combined in a noniterative phase-retrieval algorithm. Controlled spatially varying polarization states are introduced by imaging spatially inhomogeneous polarization distributions constructed with reflective spatial light modulator to the focal plane of a microscope objective.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (4)

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Davis and P. S. Carney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Olivier and E. Beaurepaire, Opt. Express 16, 14703 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

D. P. Biss and T. G. Brown, Opt. Lett. 28, 923 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1975 (1)

1959 (1)

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Araki, T.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beaurepaire, E.

Beversluis, M. R.

Biss, D. P.

Brown, T. G.

Carney, P. S.

Carrasco, S.

Christensen, P.

Davis, B. J.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duncan, M. D.

Eisenberg, H.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

Gu, M.

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 1999).

Hashimoto, M.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, N.

Hellwarth, R.

Horowitz, M.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iglesias, I.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamachari, V. V.

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manuccia, T. J.

Novotny, L.

Olivier, N.

Pereira, S. F.

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Potma, E. O.

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reintjes, J.

Richards, B.

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Ryosuke, K.

Saleh, B. E. A.

Sheppard, C. J. R.

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stranick, S. J.

Teich, M. C.

Toussaint, K. C.

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urbach, H. P.

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vohnsen, B.

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Yew, E. Y. S.

Yoshiki, K.

K. Yoshiki, K. Ryosuke, M. Hashimoto, T. Araki, and N. Hashimoto, Opt. Lett. 32, 1680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

V. V. Krishnamachari and E. O. Potma, J. Raman Spectrosc. 39, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

K. Yoshiki, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 44, L1066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. Iglesias and B. Vohnsen, Opt. Commun. 271, 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. P. Urbach and S. F. Pereira, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy and K. C. Toussaint, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 153901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

B. Richards and E. Wolf, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 1999).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic experiment. The SLM is shown as transmissive and the x y scanning galvanometers and imaging telescope are omitted for clarity. Pol, polarizer; WP, wave plates. (b) Contour plot of a bead at the focal plane and centroids (asterisks) determined with beam displacement on SLM for calibration. (c) Peak THG signal with rotation of half-wave- and quarter-wave-plate angles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spatially uniform phase across the p-polarized field component of the laser beam. (b) Retrieved versus applied phase and corresponding signal to noise (S/N) ratio (asterisks).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Ramp and (b) quadratic phase: applied (dashed line) and retrieved (dark curve) phase, along with a line-out of the third harmonic image of the bead (light curve). The line-outs are taken parallel to the imaged SLM axis.

Equations (1)

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cos δ = 1 + 2 a 2 r 2 + ( 1 + r 2 ) cos 2 η 2 r csc 2 η .

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