Abstract

Digital holography based on photon counting under ultraweak illumination was demonstrated. A hologram was recorded with two-dimensional scanning of an optical fiber connected to a single-photon counting detector under an illumination of 43 photons per second, and the object image was clearly reconstructed in a computer from the hologram. The dependence of hologram quality on the illumination light intensity was estimated from the contrast and phase deviation of interference fringes obtained by photon-counting measurements.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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1997 (1)

1994 (2)

1987 (1)

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 26, 1124 (1987).

1986 (1)

1974 (1)

1948 (1)

D. Gabor, Nature 161, 777 (1948).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brangaccio, D. J.

Brunning, J. H.

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor, Nature 161, 777 (1948).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallapfer, J. E.

Herriot, D. R.

Hirai, N.

Hirano, I.

Jüptner, W.

Onural, L.

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 26, 1124 (1987).

Rosenfeld, D. P.

Schnars, U.

Scott, P. D.

L. Onural and P. D. Scott, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 26, 1124 (1987).

White, A. D.

Yamaguchi, I.

Zhang, T.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. See text for descriptions of components.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reconstruction of a digital hologram obtained with a photon-counting measurement. (a) Transparent object made of photographic film. (b) One of four interference images. (c) Amplitude of hologram. (d) Phase of hologram. (e) Amplitude and (f) phase of reconstructed image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reconstructions of the digital hologram under illumination with mean photon numbers of (a) 4.4 × 10 5 , (b) 3.1 × 10 2 , (c) 4.3 × 10 1 , and (d) 9.6 cps .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Contrast of interference fringes versus the mean photon number. The gating time T was 10 s (triangles), 0.1 s (empty circles), and 0.01 s (filled circles).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Standard deviation of phase error versus mean photon number.

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