Abstract

A novel technique, based on polarization-sensitive, frequency-domain reflectometry, for a full noninvasive characterization of spin profile in randomly birefringent spun fibers is presented. Effective measurements of spin profile in a fiber sample a few tens of meters long are reported, but the technique can be straightforwardly scaled to kilometers-long samples.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4075 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1995 (1)

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

Barlow, A. J.

Bebbington, D. H. O.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bratovich, R.

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrario, M.

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galtarossa, A.

Geisler, T.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.

Gisin, N.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gleeson, L. M.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grosso, D.

Knop, O.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.

Kristensen, P.

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.

Legré, M.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, P.

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Palmieri, L.

Payne, D. N.

Pietralunga, S. M.

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramskov-Hansen, J. J.

Sarchi, D.

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schenato, L.

Schiano, M.

Schuh, R. E.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Siddiqui, A. S.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sikora, E. S. R.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Simon, A.

Tambosso, T.

Ulrich, R.

Walker, N. G.

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. E. Schuh, E. S. R. Sikora, N. G. Walker, A. S. Siddiqui, L. M. Gleeson, and D. H. O. Bebbington, Electron. Lett. 28, 1772 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, and D. Sarchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Ferrario, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Bratovich, M. Ferrario, S. M. Pietralunga, and M. Martinelli, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1454 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, and N. Gisin, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 828 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4075 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

T. Geisler, P. Kristensen, and O. Knop, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWA3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the P-OFDR.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angle of birefringence as a function of z, measured on a 20-m-long sample, loosely arranged on a circular path, 1 m in diameter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Angle of birefringence as a function of z, measured on a short sample deployed along a straight path. Curve (1) represents the measurement taken without twist. The other curves, from the lower to the upper, respectively, correspond to measurements taken with the fiber twisted from 2 up to 14 turns, in steps of 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mean angle of birefringence as a function of z (solid curve, left vertical axis) and its z derivative (dashed curve, right vertical axis), obtained with a piece-wise cubic polynomial fitting.

Equations (6)

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β R ( z ) = β L ( cos 2 ψ ( z ) , sin 2 ψ ( z ) , 0 ) T ,
ψ ( z ) = θ ( z ) 1 2 0 z β 3 ( u ) d u ,
ψ ( z ) = η ( z ) + A ( z ) + ( 1 g 2 ) τ ( z ) ,
d F T d z = 1 2 [ M β B ( z ) ] × F T , F T ( 0 ) = I ;
ψ n ( z ) = η n ( z ) + A ( z ) + ( 1 g 2 ) 2 π n z L ,
c n , m ( z ) = ψ n ψ m 2 π ( n m ) = ( 1 g 2 ) z L + η n η m 2 π ( n m )

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