Abstract

We present a new self-referenced and single-ended method to measure the Brillouin-gain coefficient in monomode optical fibers accurately with high reliability. Our comparative measurements on several different fibers show that a fiber with a smaller optical effective mode area can nevertheless have a higher Brillouin threshold, thus confirming the significance of acousto-optic effective mode area.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  2. A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Le Floch and P. Cambon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1132 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Loayssa, R. Hernández, D. Benito, and S. Galech, Opt. Lett. 29, 638 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Boh Ruffin, M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, Opt. Lett. 30, 3123 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.
  7. A. Yeniay, J.-M. Delavaux, and J. Toulouse, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1425 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.
  9. C. Juregui Misas, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 216 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Canat, A. Durécu, G. Lesueur, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, and Y. Jaouën, Opt. Express 16, 3212 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

A. Boh Ruffin, M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, Opt. Lett. 30, 3123 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Annunziata, F.

Auguste, J.-L.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

Benito, D.

Bickham, S.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boh Ruffin, A.

Bourdon, P.

Cambon, P.

Canat, G.

Chen, X.

Chowdhury, D.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delavaux, J.-M.

Delépine-Lesoille, S.

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

Durécu, A.

Fortier, S.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

Gabet, R.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

Galech, S.

Hénault, J. M.

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

Hernández, R.

Jaouën, Y.

G. Canat, A. Durécu, G. Lesueur, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, and Y. Jaouën, Opt. Express 16, 3212 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

Jiang, S.

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

Jolivet, V.

Juregui Misas, C.

Kobyakov, A.

A. Boh Ruffin, M.-J. Li, X. Chen, A. Kobyakov, and F. Annunziata, Opt. Lett. 30, 3123 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lanticq, V.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

Le Floch, S.

Lesueur, G.

Li, M.-J.

Loayssa, A.

Lombard, L.

Mishra, R.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Niklès, M.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Robert, P. A.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, A. B.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, M.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

Yeniay, A.

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (2)

G. Canat, A. Durécu, G. Lesueur, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, and Y. Jaouën, Opt. Express 16, 3212 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, and R. Mishra, Opt. Express 15, 5338 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

V. Lanticq, S. Jiang, R. Gabet, Y. Jaouën, S. Delépine-Lesoille, and J. M. Hénault, in Proceedings of the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Tu3.B.2.

V. Lanticq, R. Gabet, J.-L. Auguste, S. Delépine-Lesoille, S. Fortier, and Y. Jaouën, in Proceedings of the 33rd European Conference on Optical Communication (SPIE, 2007), paper WeP004.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup used for measuring the Brillouin gain coefficient. The two insets marked WITHOUT and WITH show PSD changes produced by the frequency shifter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured electrical power spectral density of a SMF28 fiber ( L = 65 m ) for several pump powers. The Stokes spectrum is on the right and anti-Stokes on the left, owing to a frequency upshift in the LO path.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Y C as a function of pump power for the SMF28 fiber and two LEAF fibers of lengths indicated. Linear fits to data provide directly the values of C B .

Equations (7)

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d N S d z = 1 2 C ( v ) P P ( z ) N S ( v 0 v ) + 1 + n ¯ 2 C ( v ) P P ( z ) ,
d N A S d z = 1 2 C ( v ) P P ( z ) N A S ( v 0 + v ) + n ¯ 2 C ( v ) P P ( z ) ,
N S ( v 0 v ) = ( 1 + n ¯ ) [ exp ( 1 2 C ( v ) P 0 L ) 1 ] ,
N A S ( v 0 + v ) = n ¯ [ 1 exp ( 1 2 C ( v ) P 0 L ) ] .
PSD elec ( v ) = γ [ N A S ( v 0 + v ) + N S ( v 0 v ) ] 2 γ n ¯ sinh ( 1 2 C ( v ) P 0 L ) ,
PSD elec ( v + v a ) PSD elec ( v v a ) = N S ( v 0 v ) N A S ( v 0 + v ) exp ( 1 2 C ( v ) P 0 L ) ,
Y C = 2 L ln ( PSD ( v B + v a ) PSD ( v B v a ) ) = C B P 0 .

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