Abstract

We demonstrate a tunable narrowband filter based on optical-pumping-induced circular dichroism in rubidium vapor. The filter achieves a peak transmission of 14.6%, a linewidth of 80MHz, and an out-of-band extinction of 35dB. The transmission peak can be tuned within the range of the Doppler linewidth of the D1 line of atomic rubidium at 795nm. While other atomic filters work at frequencies far from absorption, the presented technique provides light resonant with atomic media, useful for atom–photon interaction experiments. The technique could readily be extended to other alkali atoms.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Junxiong, W. Qingji, L. Yimin, Z. Liang, G. Jianhua, D. Minghao, K. Jiankun, and Z. Lemin, Appl. Opt. 34, 2619 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Fricke-Begemann, M. Alpers, and J. Höffner, Opt. Lett. 27, 1932 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Höffner and C. Fricke-Begemann, Opt. Lett. 30, 890 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. M. Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik, Opt. Express 15, 7940 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Wolfgramm, X. Xing, A. Cerè, A. Predojević, A. M. Steinberg, and M. W. Mitchell, Opt. Express 16, 18145 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. K. Gayen, R. I. Billmers, V. M. Contarino, M. F. Squicciarini, W. J. Scharpf, G. Yang, P. R. Herczfeld, and D. M. Allocca, Opt. Lett. 20, 1427 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. D. Turner, V. Karaganov, P. J. O. Teubner, and R. E. Scholten, Opt. Lett. 27, 500 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. He, Y. Zhang, S. Liu, and P. Yuan, Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 252 (2007).
  10. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, Found. Phys. 23, 987 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
    [CrossRef]

2008

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wolfgramm, X. Xing, A. Cerè, A. Predojević, A. M. Steinberg, and M. W. Mitchell, Opt. Express 16, 18145 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2002

2001

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

1993

A. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, Found. Phys. 23, 987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1976

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Allocca, D. M.

Alpers, M.

Bao, X.-H.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Billmers, R. I.

Cerè, A.

Chen, Z.-B.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Contarino, V. M.

Cornish, S. L.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cox, S. G.

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elitzur, A.

A. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, Found. Phys. 23, 987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fricke-Begemann, C.

Gayen, S. K.

Griffin, P. F.

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Happer, W.

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Harris, M. L.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, Z.

Herczfeld, P. R.

Höffner, J.

Hughes, I. G.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jianhua, G.

Jiankun, K.

Junxiong, T.

Karaganov, V.

Lemin, Z.

Liang, Z.

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

McLeod, I. C.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Minghao, D.

Mitchell, M. W.

Neergaard-Nielsen, J. S.

Nielsen, B. M.

Pan, J.-W.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearman, C. P.

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Predojevic, A.

Qian, Y.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qingji, W.

Scharpf, W. J.

Scholten, R. E.

Smith, D. A.

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Squicciarini, M. F.

Steinberg, A. M.

Takahashi, H.

Tarleton, E.

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teubner, P. J. O.

Turner, L. D.

Vaidman, L.

A. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, Found. Phys. 23, 987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vistnes, A. I.

Wieman, C.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wolfgramm, F.

Xing, X.

Yang, G.

Yang, J.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yimin, L.

Yuan, P.

Zhang, H.

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt.

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Found. Phys.

A. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, Found. Phys. 23, 987 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

C. P. Pearman, C. S. Adams, S. G. Cox, P. F. Griffin, D. A. Smith, and I. G. Hughes, J. Phys. B 35, 5141 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

M. L. Harris, C. S. Adams, S. L. Cornish, I. C. McLeod, E. Tarleton, and I. G. Hughes, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. Wieman and T. W. Hänsch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1170 (1976).
[CrossRef]

X.-H. Bao, Y. Qian, J. Yang, H. Zhang, Z.-B. Chen, T. Yang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 190501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

W. Happer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 169 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (295 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) and (b) Scheme of the polarization interferometer, respectively, without and with a dichroic absorber inserted. (c) and (d) Relevant energy levels for pumping and probing of Rb 87 together with the induced population distribution. Both pump and probe light are tuned on resonance with the 5 S 1 2 2 ( F = 2 ) 5 P 1 2 2 ( F = 1 ) transition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental schematics. Two fiber- coupled external-cavity diodes (not shown) provide probe and pump beams. The probe passes a GT, the Rb vapor cell, and a WP before being collected into single-mode fibers and detected at D H and D V . A HWP 1 is used to balance the interferometer. The pump is magnified to a diameter of approximately 25 mm before entering the cell. Gold-coated mirrors with a central 3 mm hole are used to combine the pump and the probe beams with minimal polarization distortion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental transmission spectra of the filter (lower curve). The upper curve is a reference saturated spectroscopy signal collected at the H output of the interferometer. Inset, detail of the higher peak and Lorentzian fit (dotted curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Peak center frequency and (b) maximum transmission as a function of the detuning of the pump from the F = 2 F = 1 transition. Every point corresponds to a frame of Media 1. The transmission is well fitted by the sum of two Gaussian distribution (continuous curve) corresponding to the Doppler absorption profile of the two transitions indicated.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E D C = E 0 1 2 { e α R 2 ε R + e α L 2 ε L } ,
I H = I 0 e α + cosh 2 α 2 ,
I V = I 0 e α + sinh 2 α 2 .

Metrics