Abstract

We have demonstrated coherent pulse synthesis between the carrier-envelope, phase-locked, second-harmonic pulses from a synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator and those from its self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire pump laser. By using a single nonlinear crystal for parametric and second-harmonic generation, we maximized the common-mode rejection of environmental noise, obtaining a temporal overlap between the pulses with a precision of 30 as (1% of the optical period) in an observation time of 20ms. Mutual coherence between the two parent pulses was verified optically by spectral interferometry, and synthesis was tested by measuring the autocorrelation of the combined pulses, with and without carrier-envelope phase locking.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. S. Gale, J. H. Sun, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Express 16, 1616 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ruebel, P. Haag, and J. A. L'huillier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Lett. 30, 2496 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1990 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Brown, C. T. A.

Chen, J.

Chen, W.-J.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cox, J.

Diddams, S. A.

Gale, B. J. S.

Haag, P.

F. Ruebel, P. Haag, and J. A. L'huillier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

Hsieh, Z.-M.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, S. W.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kung, A. H.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, C.-J.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-K.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L'huillier, J. A.

F. Ruebel, P. Haag, and J. A. L'huillier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-H.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Ma, L.-S.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matos, L.

Missey, M.

Mücke, O. D.

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newbury, N. R.

Pan, C.-L.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, R.-P.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, D. T.

Ruebel, F.

F. Ruebel, P. Haag, and J. A. L'huillier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Su, H.-Y.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J. H.

Takada, H.

Tang, T.-T.

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomann, I.

Torizuka, K.

Walker, D. R.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yavuz, D. D.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshitomi, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Ruebel, P. Haag, and J. A. L'huillier, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011122 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-J. Chen, Z.-M. Hsieh, S. W. Huang, H.-Y. Su, C.-J. Lai, T.-T. Tang, C.-H. Lin, C.-K. Lee, R.-P. Pan, C.-L. Pan, and A. H. Kung, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 163906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of optical layout. Insets 1 and 2 and insets 3 and 4 are interchangeable. AOM, acousto-optic modulator; M, mirror; GTI, Gires–Tournois interferometer mirror; BS, beam splitter; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; PL, polarizer; FM, flipper mirror; P, prism; BE, blade edge; PMT, photomultiplier tube; PH, pin hole; LD, laser diode; LM, lower mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The PSD analyses of the in-loop CEPS frequency locking of the laser and the OPO and (b) the fluctuations in the optical cross correlation between the pump and SH signal pulse, with their corresponding accumulated results through the same frequency range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral interferometry measurements of the pump and the SH signal pulses. The upper traces show the combined spectrum with and without CEPS locking, and the lower traces are the individual pump and SH signal spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces (left) and the spectrum (right) of the combined pump and SH signal pulses. The envelopes in the autocorrelation traces are the theoretical profiles corresponding to the combined spectrum.

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