Abstract

The CO2 laser-based agile tuner lidar for atmospheric sensing has been used to profile the volcanic plume of Mount Etna during its most recent eruption. Owing to the transmitted wavelength, this system is practically insensitive to air molecules while it detects aerosol loads, and thus the path attenuation of the laser beam is strongly affected by volcanic particulate. Vertical profiles of extinction coefficient were retrieved up to an altitude above ground level of 5000m. The observed extinction coefficient ranges from 105to5×104m1. The lidar was able to accurately track the spatiotemporal evolution of the volcanic plume thanks to a spatial resolution of 15m and a temporal resolution of 1min.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
CO2 laser-based differential absorption lidar system for range-resolved and long-range detection of chemical vapor plumes

Clinton B. Carlisle, Jan E. van der Laan, Lewis W. Carr, Philippe Adam, and Jean-Pierre Chiaroni
Appl. Opt. 34(27) 6187-6200 (1995)

Upper tropospheric temperature measurements with the use of a Raman lidar

Keith D. Evans, S. Harvey Melfi, Richard A. Ferrare, and David N. Whiteman
Appl. Opt. 36(12) 2594-2602 (1997)

Side-line tunable laser transmitter for differential absorption lidar measurements of CO2: design and application to atmospheric measurements

Grady J. Koch, Jeffrey Y. Beyon, Fabien Gibert, Bruce W. Barnes, Syed Ismail, Mulugeta Petros, Paul J. Petzar, Jirong Yu, Edward A. Modlin, Kenneth J. Davis, and Upendra N. Singh
Appl. Opt. 47(7) 944-956 (2008)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing (Krieger, 1992).
  2. H. Jaeger, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 191 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).
  6. A. Ben-David, Appl. Opt. 38, 2616 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, and N. Spinelli, Appl. Opt. 37, 6999 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. Fiorani, in Lasers and Electro-Optics at the Cutting Edge (Nova, 2007).
  9. J. D. Klett, Appl. Opt. 20, 211 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. F. G. Fernald, Appl. Opt. 23, 652 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Deepak, G. S. Kent, and G. K. Yue, Atmospheric Backscatter Model Development for CO2 Wavelengths (NASA, 1982).
    [PubMed]
  12. M. J. Post, F. F. Hall, R. A. Richter, and T. R. Lawrence, Appl. Opt. 21, 2442 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. R. T. Menzies, M. J. Kavaya, P. H. Flamant, and D. A. Haner, Appl. Opt. 23, 2510 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, and N. Spinelli, Appl. Opt. 37, 6999 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

H. Jaeger, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 191 (1992).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

Aglione, M.

L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).

Bartoli, B.

Ben-David, A.

Caltabiano, T.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Capobianco, R.

Cecchi, G.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Deepak, A.

A. Deepak, G. S. Kent, and G. K. Yue, Atmospheric Backscatter Model Development for CO2 Wavelengths (NASA, 1982).
[PubMed]

Edner, H.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Elias, T.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fernald, F. G.

Ferrara, R.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fiorani, L.

R. Velotta, B. Bartoli, R. Capobianco, L. Fiorani, and N. Spinelli, Appl. Opt. 37, 6999 (1998).
[Crossref]

L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).

L. Fiorani, in Lasers and Electro-Optics at the Cutting Edge (Nova, 2007).

Flamant, P. H.

Hall, F. F.

Haner, D. A.

Horton, K. A.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jaeger, H.

H. Jaeger, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 191 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kavaya, M. J.

Kent, G. S.

A. Deepak, G. S. Kent, and G. K. Yue, Atmospheric Backscatter Model Development for CO2 Wavelengths (NASA, 1982).
[PubMed]

Klett, J. D.

Lau, E.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, T. R.

Lienert, B.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Measures, R. M.

R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing (Krieger, 1992).

Menzies, R. T.

Mouginis-Mark, P. J.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Okladnikov, I.

L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).

Palucci, A.

L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).

Pantani, L.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Porter, J. N.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Post, M. J.

Richter, R. A.

Sharma, S. K.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Spinelli, N.

Sutton, A. J.

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

Svanberg, S.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Velotta, R.

Weibring, P.

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yue, G. K.

A. Deepak, G. S. Kent, and G. K. Yue, Atmospheric Backscatter Model Development for CO2 Wavelengths (NASA, 1982).
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Weibring, H. Edner, S. Svanberg, G. Cecchi, L. Pantani, R. Ferrara, and T. Caltabiano, Appl. Phys. B 67, 419 (1998).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

J. N. Porter, K. A. Horton, P. J. Mouginis-Mark, B. Lienert, S. K. Sharma, E. Lau, A. J. Sutton, and T. Elias, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1783 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Jaeger, Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 191 (1992).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing (Krieger, 1992).

L. Fiorani, M. Aglione, I. Okladnikov, and A. Palucci, in Proceedings of the First 'Atmospheric Science Conference' (ESA, 2006).

L. Fiorani, in Lasers and Electro-Optics at the Cutting Edge (Nova, 2007).

A. Deepak, G. S. Kent, and G. K. Yue, Atmospheric Backscatter Model Development for CO2 Wavelengths (NASA, 1982).
[PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lidar signal compared with a theoretical model and the detector noise. The altitude in all figures is above ground level.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Extinction coefficient retrieved from the lidar signal of Fig. 1. The double peak from 1800 to 3300 m appears to superimpose on a nearly linear decay and has been ascribed to the volcanic plume (the dashed curve has been added for the convenience of the reader).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extinction coefficient retrieved at 10:45 a.m., 12:38 p.m., 13:19 p.m., and 14:00 p.m. in the same experimental conditions of Fig. 1. The volcanic plume appears to spread and stratify with time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Contour plot of the extinction coefficient as a function of time and altitude.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Specifications of ATLAS

Metrics