Abstract

We examined the photoluminescent behaviors of MgSiN2:Mn2+ and MgSiN2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors for use in white-light-emitting diodes. The red emission from MgSiN2:Mn2+ phosphors consisted of two Gaussian components, P1 from a single Mn2+ ion and P2 from either Mn2+ pairs or clusters. Decay analysis based on the Yokota and Tanimoto equation identified long decay for P1 and fast decay for P2. Most importantly, Ce3+ codoping enhanced Mn2+ emission intensity; in particular, emission at 460nm excitations was promoted by the Ce3+ codoping.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  8. C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
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  9. R. Le Toquin and A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Phys. Lett. 423, 352 (2006).
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  10. Y. Q. Li, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Lumin. 116, 107 (2006).
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  14. N. Suriyamurthy and B. S. Panigrahi, J. Lumin. 127, 483 (2007).
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  15. C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
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  18. C. R. Ronda and T. Amrein, J. Lumin. 69, 245 (1996).
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  19. O. Goede, W. Heimbrodt, and D. D. Thong, Phys. Status Solidi B 126, K159 (1984).
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  23. D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
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  24. W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
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  25. N. Yamashita, S. Maekawa, and K. Nakamura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 29, 1729 (1990).
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  26. L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
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2008 (5)

C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Duan, X. J. Wang, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, J. T. Zhao, and H. T. Hintzen, Chem. Mater. 20, 1597 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, N. Hirosaki, R-J. Xie, T. Takeda, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 20, 6704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

2007 (2)

N. Suriyamurthy and B. S. Panigrahi, J. Lumin. 127, 483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. Watanabe, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 19, 3592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, H22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F.-F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Le Toquin and A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Phys. Lett. 423, 352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Lumin. 116, 107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K.-I. Machida, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, H232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Nag and T. R. N. Kutty, Mater. Chem. Phys. 91, 524 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. O. Muller, J. Neugebauer, R. Mach, and U. Reinsperger, J. Cryst. Growth 86, 890 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. R. Ronda and T. Amrein, J. Lumin. 69, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. Barthou, J. Benoit, P. Benalloul, and A. Morell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 524 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. Morell and N. El Khiati, J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 2019 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

N. Yamashita, S. Maekawa, and K. Nakamura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 29, 1729 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
[CrossRef]

O. Goede, W. Heimbrodt, and D. D. Thong, Phys. Status Solidi B 126, K159 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

A. L. N. Stevels and A. T. Vink, J. Lumin. 8, 443 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

T. L. Barry, J. Electrochem. Soc. 115, 1181 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Amrein, T.

C. R. Ronda and T. Amrein, J. Lumin. 69, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barry, T. L.

T. L. Barry, J. Electrochem. Soc. 115, 1181 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Barthou, C.

C. Barthou, J. Benoit, P. Benalloul, and A. Morell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 524 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Benalloul, P.

C. Barthou, J. Benoit, P. Benalloul, and A. Morell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 524 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, J.

C. Barthou, J. Benoit, P. Benalloul, and A. Morell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 524 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bonoit, J.

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Botty, G.

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Busse, W.

W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Casette, S.

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chang, I. F.

D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Cheetham, A. K.

R. Le Toquin and A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Phys. Lett. 423, 352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

De With, G.

Y. Q. Li, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Lumin. 116, 107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Delsing, A. C. A.

C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Duan, X. J. Wang, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, J. T. Zhao, and H. T. Hintzen, Chem. Mater. 20, 1597 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Disalvo, F. J.

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duan, C. J.

C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Duan, X. J. Wang, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, J. T. Zhao, and H. T. Hintzen, Chem. Mater. 20, 1597 (2008).
[CrossRef]

El Khiati, N.

A. Morell and N. El Khiati, J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 2019 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fang, J.

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gao, F.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giess, E. A.

D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Goede, O.

O. Goede, W. Heimbrodt, and D. D. Thong, Phys. Status Solidi B 126, K159 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gumlich, H.-E.

W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hanzawa, H.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K.-I. Machida, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, H232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heimbrodt, W.

O. Goede, W. Heimbrodt, and D. D. Thong, Phys. Status Solidi B 126, K159 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hintzen, H. T.

C. J. Duan, X. J. Wang, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, J. T. Zhao, and H. T. Hintzen, Chem. Mater. 20, 1597 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Lumin. 116, 107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

Y. Q. Li, N. Hirosaki, R-J. Xie, T. Takeda, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 20, 6704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F.-F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, H22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horikawa, T.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K.-I. Machida, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, H232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Z.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

Kong, D. Y.

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kutty, T. R. N.

A. Nag and T. R. N. Kutty, Mater. Chem. Phys. 91, 524 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le Toquin, R.

R. Le Toquin and A. K. Cheetham, Chem. Phys. Lett. 423, 352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

Li, J.

J. Li, T. Watanabe, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 19, 3592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, N. Hirosaki, R-J. Xie, T. Takeda, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 20, 6704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Lumin. 116, 107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lian, H.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

Liang, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. K.

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

L. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Hou, C. Li, P. Yang, Z. Cheng, H. Lian, and J. Lin, J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 18882 (2008).

Liu, X. M.

D. Y. Kong, M. Yu, C. K. Lin, X. M. Liu, J. Lin, and J. Fang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, H146 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luan, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, Y. X. Xu, F. Gao, and L. Liang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, J310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mach, R.

G. O. Muller, J. Neugebauer, R. Mach, and U. Reinsperger, J. Cryst. Growth 86, 890 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Machida, K.-I.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K.-I. Machida, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, H232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maekawa, S.

N. Yamashita, S. Maekawa, and K. Nakamura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 29, 1729 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, B.

W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mendez, E. E.

D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mitomo, M.

Y. Q. Li, N. Hirosaki, R-J. Xie, T. Takeda, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 20, 6704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F.-F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morell, A.

C. Barthou, J. Benoit, P. Benalloul, and A. Morell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 524 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Morell and N. El Khiati, J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 2019 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Muller, G. O.

G. O. Muller, J. Neugebauer, R. Mach, and U. Reinsperger, J. Cryst. Growth 86, 890 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nag, A.

A. Nag and T. R. N. Kutty, Mater. Chem. Phys. 91, 524 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Naito, A.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, H22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, H22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

N. Yamashita, S. Maekawa, and K. Nakamura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 29, 1729 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

S. Nakamura, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN Based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1997), p. 216.

Neugebauer, J.

G. O. Muller, J. Neugebauer, R. Mach, and U. Reinsperger, J. Cryst. Growth 86, 890 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Otten, W. M.

C. J. Duan, X. J. Wang, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, J. T. Zhao, and H. T. Hintzen, Chem. Mater. 20, 1597 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Duan, W. M. Otten, A. C. A. Delsing, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Solid State Chem. 181, 751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Panigrahi, B. S.

N. Suriyamurthy and B. S. Panigrahi, J. Lumin. 127, 483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piao, X.

X. Piao, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, and K.-I. Machida, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, H232 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reinsperger, U.

G. O. Muller, J. Neugebauer, R. Mach, and U. Reinsperger, J. Cryst. Growth 86, 890 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. J.

D. J. Robbins, E. E. Mendez, E. A. Giess, and I. F. Chang, J. Electrochem. Soc. 131, 141 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C. R.

C. R. Ronda and T. Amrein, J. Lumin. 69, 245 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Setoyama, T.

J. Li, T. Watanabe, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 19, 3592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soret, J. C.

J. Bonoit, P. Benalloul, C. Barthou, S. Casette, and J. C. Soret, Phys. Status Solidi A 122, 427 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Steen, J. E. J.

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stevels, A. L. N.

A. L. N. Stevels and A. T. Vink, J. Lumin. 8, 443 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Suehiro, T.

R-J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, T. Suehiro, F.-F. Xu, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 18, 5578 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suriyamurthy, N.

N. Suriyamurthy and B. S. Panigrahi, J. Lumin. 127, 483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, T.

Y. Q. Li, N. Hirosaki, R-J. Xie, T. Takeda, and M. Mitomo, Chem. Mater. 20, 6704 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanimoto, O.

M. Yokota and O. Tanimoto, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 22, 779 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Thesis, D.

W. Busse, H.-E. Gumlich, B. Meissner, and D. Thesis, J. Lumin. 12/13, 693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Thong, D. D.

O. Goede, W. Heimbrodt, and D. D. Thong, Phys. Status Solidi B 126, K159 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Uheda, K.

K. Uheda, N. Hirosaki, Y. Yamamoto, A. Naito, T. Nakajima, and H. Yamamoto, Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9, H22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Krevel, J. W. H.

Y. Q. Li, J. E. J. Steen, J. W. H. van Krevel, G. Botty, A. C. A. Delsing, F. J. Disalvo, G. De With, and H. T. Hintzen, J. Alloys Compd. 417, 273 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vink, A. T.

A. L. N. Stevels and A. T. Vink, J. Lumin. 8, 443 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wada, H.

J. Li, T. Watanabe, H. Wada, T. Setoyama, and M. Yoshimura, Chem. Mater. 19, 3592 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Emission spectra of (a) Mg Si N 2 : 0.005 Mn 2 + , (b) Mg Si N 2 : 0.02 Ce 3 + , 0.005 Mn 2 + at 460 nm excitations, and (c) Mg Si N 2 : 0.02 Ce 3 + at 254 nm excitations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation spectra of Mg Si N 2 : 0.005 Mn 2 + , Mg Si N 2 : 0.02 Ce 3 + , 0.005 Mn 2 + , and Mg Si N 2 : 0.02 Ce 3 + phosphors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay curves of (a) P1 and (b) P2 emission in Mg Si N 2 : Mn 2 + phosphors in the Mn 2 + concentration range from 0.001 to 0.05. The excitation wavelength was 355 nm obtained by trifling the Nd:YAG laser source.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Adjusted Parameters Resulted from the Least-Square Fitting

Equations (1)

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I ( t ) I O = exp { ( t τ ) π C C O ( t τ ) 1 2 × [ 1 + 10.87 D D O ( t τ ) 2 3 + 15.5 ( D D O ) 2 ( t τ ) 4 3 1 + 8.743 D D O ( t τ ) 2 3 ] 3 4 } .

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