Abstract

Ag-nanocrystal-incorporated germano-silicate optical fiber with high resonant nonlinearity was fabricated by using modified chemical vapor deposition and solution doping techniques. An all-optical signal switching application based on cross-phase modulation was demonstrated in the cascaded long-period fiber gratings. Pumped with 499nm argon laser, all-optical signal gating of the π-phase shift was achieved with low pump intensities of less than 7.64GWcm2.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2008

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2004

2003

2002

K.-R. Sohn and J.-W. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. Jeong, S. Baek, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1216 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. Jeong and B. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Lee and J. Nishii, Appl. Opt. 38, 3450 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Ahn, I. H.

Arkwright, J. W.

Asimakis, S.

Atkins, G. R.

Baek, S.

Y. Jeong, S. Baek, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1216 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Betts, R. A.

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Chu, in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (Academic, 1997), p. 371.

Chung, Y.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Express 15, 3665 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Ebendorff-Herdepriem, H.

Elango, P.

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

Frampton, K.

Gu, X. J.

Han, W. -T.

Han, W.-T.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin and W.-T. Han, J. Nanophotonics 1, 013554 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lin, B. H. Kim, D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Opt. Express 15, 3665 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, T.

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, S. Baek, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1216 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong and B. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Kim, B. H.

Koizumi, F.

Lee, B.

Y. Jeong, S. Baek, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1216 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong and B. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. H.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Liu, X.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Moon, D. S.

Moore, R. C.

Nagashima, T.

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Nishii, J.

Ohara, S.

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Petropoulos, P.

Petrpopoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

Sipend, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K.-R.

K.-R. Sohn and J.-W. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Son, D. H.

Song, G. H.

Song, J.-W.

K.-R. Sohn and J.-W. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Taira, K.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

Tjugiato, T.

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Watekar, P. R.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y. L.

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Lin, X. Liu, P. R. Watekar, Y. Chung, and W.-T. Han, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 021901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira, and N. Sugimoto, Electron. Lett. 38, 166 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. A. Betts, T. Tjugiato, Y. L. Xue, and P. L. Chu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 908 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong and B. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Jeong, S. Baek, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1216 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K.-R. Sohn and J.-W. Song, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. W. Arkwright, P. Elango, and G. R. Atkins, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipend, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophotonics

A. Lin and W.-T. Han, J. Nanophotonics 1, 013554 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

P. L. Chu, in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting (Academic, 1997), p. 371.

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest CD (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup using the cascaded LPGs to demonstrate the all-optical gating behaviors. LD, laser diode; PC, polarization controller; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Processes of the all-optical signal gating behaviors: (a) full spectrum profile of the Ag̱fiber LPGs, (b) a selected fringe for the signal, (c) phase shift of the signal upon pumping with the argon-ion laser at 499 nm , (d) transmittance of the signals with the pump intensity.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 All-Optical Gating Parameters of the Made Fibers Incorporated with Noble Metal Nanocrystals

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