Abstract

A newly developed low-birefringence synthetic diamond is shown to be an effective intracavity heat spreader in Nd:YVO4 and Nd:GdVO4 disk lasers. A cw output power of 25.7W from only one double pass of the pump is reported. The diamond heat spreader is shown to increase the pump power density at which fracture occurs.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, Opt. Lett. 33, 735 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.
  5. J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).
  9. Z. L. Liau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, Opt. Lett. 33, 735 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

2000 (2)

Z. L. Liau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

Birch, R. B.

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bruner, B.

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

Burns, D.

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H. P.

H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

Franjic, K.

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Godfried, H. P.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Griebner, U.

Hall, C. E.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Hasson, V.

H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hastie, J. E.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J. M.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Houwman, E. P.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Hua, R.

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

Huber, G.

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

Liau, Z. L.

Z. L. Liau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maclean, A. J.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martineau, P. M.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Mateos, X.

Millar, P.

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. J. D.

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

Nelissen, W. G. M.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Pavel, N.

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peters, R.

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Pujol, M. C.

Rivier, S.

Rytz, D.

Scarsbrook, G. A.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Silvestre, Ò.

Smith, S. A.

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Twitchen, D. J.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Vernay, S.

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. L.

H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitehead, A. J.

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

N. Pavel, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 91, 415 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 70, 487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. L. Liau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Millar, R. B. Birch, A. J. Kemp, and D. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 709 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Status Solidi C (1)

J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, A. J. Kemp, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, A. J. Maclean, D. Burns, and M. D. Dawson, Phys. Status Solidi C 3, 380 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. P. Chou, Y. L. Wang, and V. Hasson, Proc. SPIE , 5448, 550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. P. Godfried, G. A. Scarsbrook, D. J. Twitchen, E. P. Houwman, W. G. M. Nelissen, A. J. Whitehead, C. E. Hall, and P. M. Martineau, “Optical quality diamond material,” publication no. WO/2004/046427 (Patent Cooperation Treaty, June 3, 2004).

R. Hua, Y. Liao, K. Franjic, B. Bruner, and R. J. D. Miller, in Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuC1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the laser cavity used in these experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power transfer characteristics for 0.25-mm-thick Nd : Y V O 4 crystals of 1 at . % (solid squares) and 3 at . % (open squares) doping. 25 W pump, pump spot radius 270 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Power transfer characteristics for a 1 at . % Nd : Y V O 4 crystal with (solid squares) and without (open squares) a heat spreader. 25 W pump, pump spot radius 270 μ m . (b) Power transfer characteristics for 1 at . % Nd : Y V O 4 (closed squares) and Nd : Gd V O 4 (open squares) crystals using a heat spreader. 90 W pump, pump spot radius 550 μ m .

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the Results Achieved with 1 and 3 at . % Material for up to 25 W of Incident Pump Power in a 270 μ m Pump Spot Radius

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