Abstract

Using an ultraslow light-based double-Λ-type configuration we demonstrate atomic coherence swing between two different frequencies in a nondegenerate four-wave mixing scheme. A short control pulse applied to the middle of an ultraslow light envelope results in coherence conversion between two ground states, causing both coherence depletion and recovery, resulting in a temporal hole and amplification in the ultraslow light envelope. This outcome holds potential for temporally and spatially localized coherence control of ultraslow light in such applications as a selective photon trap.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (3)

2007 (3)

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, M. S. Shahriar, and P. R. Hemmer, Opt. Lett. 24, 86 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998); in the normal N-type system, the decay rate for the nondegenerate four-wave mixing generation is assumed to be prohibited differently from double Λ-type system in this Letter.
[CrossRef]

B. Lu, W. H. Burkett, and M. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 23, 804 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1990 (1)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arimondo, E.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

Boyer, V.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burkett, W. H.

Cone, R. L.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Deng, L.

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donoghue, J.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Field, J. E.

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gorshkov, A. V.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

J. Hahn and B. S. Ham, Opt. Express 16, 16723 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Ham, B. S.

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998); in the normal N-type system, the decay rate for the nondegenerate four-wave mixing generation is assumed to be prohibited differently from double Λ-type system in this Letter.
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katz, D. P.

Kong, L. B.

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Lett, P. D.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, B.

Lukin, M. D.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Coherent Transient and Holeburning Spectroscopy of Rare Earth Ions in Solids, A.Kaplyanskii and R.M.Macfarlene, eds. (North-Holland, 1987), Chap. 3.

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, C. F.

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novikova, I.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, M. G.

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Philips, D. F.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shahriar, M. S.

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Coherent Transient and Holeburning Spectroscopy of Rare Earth Ions in Solids, A.Kaplyanskii and R.M.Macfarlene, eds. (North-Holland, 1987), Chap. 3.

Sorensen, A. S.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tu, X. H.

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

Yamamoto, Y.

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998); in the normal N-type system, the decay rate for the nondegenerate four-wave mixing generation is assumed to be prohibited differently from double Λ-type system in this Letter.
[CrossRef]

Zhann, M. S.

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Nature (2)

M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, Nature 413, 273 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. B. Kong, X. H. Tu, J. Wang, Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zhann, Opt. Commun. 269, 362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

B. S. Ham, Phys. Rev. A 78, 011808(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

V. Boyer, C. F. McCormick, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143601 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field, and A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1107 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Novikova, A. V. Gorshkov, D. F. Philips, A. S. Sorensen, M. D. Lukin, and R. L. Walsworth, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 243602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Payne and L. Deng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 123602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3611 (1998); in the normal N-type system, the decay rate for the nondegenerate four-wave mixing generation is assumed to be prohibited differently from double Λ-type system in this Letter.
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, in Coherent Transient and Holeburning Spectroscopy of Rare Earth Ions in Solids, A.Kaplyanskii and R.M.Macfarlene, eds. (North-Holland, 1987), Chap. 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial energy-level diagram of Pr:YSO. The levels ∣1⟩, ∣2⟩, ∣3⟩, and ∣4⟩ correspond to H 4 3 ( ± 3 2 ) , H 4 3 ( ± 1 2 ) , D 2 1 ( ± 5 2 ) , and D 2 1 ( ± 3 2 ) , respectively. (b) Pulse sequence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a double Λ-type system using slow light. Ultraslow group velocity of P (a) without A, (b) with A at low power ( 9 mW ) , (c) with A at medium power ( 15 mW ) , and (d) with A at high power ( 25 mW ) . The power of P and of C is 0.9 and 17 mW , respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical calculations for Fig. 2c in a non-slow-light regime. Γ 41 = Γ 42 = Γ 31 = 1 , Γ 32 = 5 , Γ 21 = Γ 43 = 0.01 , γ 41 = γ 42 = γ 31 = 100 , γ 32 = 20 , γ 21 = γ 43 = 0.5 , ρ 11 ( t = 0 ) = 1 .

Equations (1)

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ρ ̇ i j = i k ( H i k ρ k j ρ i k H k j ) 1 2 ( γ i k ρ k j + ρ i k γ k j ) ,

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