Abstract

We report the first (to our knowledge) experimental demonstration of lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light. Although there is no magnification, the method is suitable for all wavelengths and so may find special applications in cases where it is not possible to use lenses, such as with x rays or γ rays. We also numerically show that some magnification may be realized away from the focal plane, but the image will always be somewhat blurred.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. J. Cai and F. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 205 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Basano and P. Ottonelloa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. L. Liu and S. S. Han, Opt. Lett. 33, 824 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Hanbury Brown, The Intensity Interferometer (Taylor and Francis, 1974), see Eq. 4.26.
  20. J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. J. Cai and F. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Liu and S. S. Han, Opt. Lett. 33, 824 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Basano and P. Ottonelloa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bache, M.

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basano, L.

L. Basano and P. Ottonelloa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bentley, S. J.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berardi, V.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bondani, M.

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, E.

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, R. Hanbury

R. Hanbury Brown, The Intensity Interferometer (Taylor and Francis, 1974), see Eq. 4.26.

Cai, Y. J.

Y. J. Cai and F. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 205 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cao, D. Z.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DAngelo, M.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deacon, K. S.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferri, F.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, S. S.

Howell, J. C.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H. L.

Lugiato, L. A.

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magatti, D.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, R.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ottonelloa, P.

L. Basano and P. Ottonelloa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paris, M. G. A.

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sala, V. G.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scarcelli, G.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, Y. H.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valencia, A.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

Wang, K. G.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, J.

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, Y. H.

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 30, 2354 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. Y.

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonelloa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2381 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Z. Cao, J. Xiong, and K. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 013801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

Y. J. Cai and S. Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 063602 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 033601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, M. Bondani, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. A. Paris, and C. Fabre, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y. H. Shih, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 039302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cheng and S. S. Han, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Hanbury Brown, The Intensity Interferometer (Taylor and Francis, 1974), see Eq. 4.26.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lensless ghost imaging experimental setup. Object mask O is at a distance of z 1 = z 2 = 170 cm from the image plane of the lamp cathode; D 1 is a bucket detector; C 2 is a fiber collimator scanned in the transverse direction and connected to detector D 2 . See text for explanation of other elements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of g ( 2 ) ( x 2 ) on the position of fiber collimator C 2 , which gives the cross-sectional image of the mask. The solid curve is a Gaussian fit. Inset, object mask with two pinholes of diameters 0.77 and 0.72 mm , 3.66 mm apart.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulation of Δ g ( 2 ) for lensless ghost imaging as a function of x 2 and z 2 in mm. The object is a double slit of slit width 100 μ m and separation 200 μ m at a distance of z 1 = 300 mm from a 693 nm thermal light source of radius 6 mm .

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g ( 2 ) ( x 2 ) N + T ( x 2 ) 2 ,
Δ g ( 2 ) ( x 2 ) = Δ I 1 ( x 1 ) Δ I 2 ( x 2 ) I 1 ( x 1 ) I 2 ( x 2 ) d x 1 ,
Δ I 1 ( x 1 ) Δ I 2 ( x 2 ) h 2 * ( x , x 2 ) h 1 ( x , x 1 ) d x 2 exp [ π 2 ( x x 1 ) 2 ( x x 2 ) 2 λ 2 z 1 z 2 ] T ( x 1 ) d x 2 ,
h 1 ( x , x 1 ) exp [ i π ( x x 1 ) 2 λ z 1 ] T ( x 1 ) ,
h 2 ( x , x 2 ) exp [ i π ( x x 2 ) 2 λ z 2 ] ,

Metrics