Abstract

A new spectroelectrochemical method using the thermal-lens effect from electrolytes using regular joule heat generation by current focusing in a small-sized channel is proposed. The experimental dependences of the signal on the analyte concentration and applied voltage are in good concordance with the theoretical estimations. A cell design providing good reproducibility and sensitivity of measurements is proposed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996) and references cited therein.
  2. M. A. Proskurnin and M. Yu. Kononets, Russ. Chem. Rev. 73, 1143 (2004) and references cited therein.
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. P. Zharov and V. S. Letokhov, Laser Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (Springer, 1986).
  4. R. D. Snook and R. D. Lowe, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 120, 2051 (1995) and references cited therein.
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. K. Zuev and V. V. Lontsov, Russian Federation Patent Application N. 2005110437 (December 4, 2005).
  8. N. J. Dovichi and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 51, 728 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. R. Berry, S. A. Rice, and J. Ross, Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2000).
  10. M. A. Proskurnin and A. G. Abroskin, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 54, 401 (1999).
  11. O. O. Dada, M. R. Jorgensen, and S. E. Bialkowski, Appl. Spectrosc. 61, 1373 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. R. Lide, ed., CRC Handbook Chemistry and Physics, 85th ed., (CRC Press, 2004).
  13. A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
    [PubMed]

2008 (1)

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. A. Proskurnin and M. Yu. Kononets, Russ. Chem. Rev. 73, 1143 (2004) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. A. Proskurnin and A. G. Abroskin, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 54, 401 (1999).

1995 (1)

R. D. Snook and R. D. Lowe, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 120, 2051 (1995) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

N. J. Dovichi and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 51, 728 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abroskin, A. G.

M. A. Proskurnin and A. G. Abroskin, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 54, 401 (1999).

Bendrysheva, S. N.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

Berry, S. R.

S. R. Berry, S. A. Rice, and J. Ross, Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2000).

Bialkowski, S. E.

O. O. Dada, M. R. Jorgensen, and S. E. Bialkowski, Appl. Spectrosc. 61, 1373 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996) and references cited therein.

Dada, O. O.

Dovichi, N. J.

N. J. Dovichi and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 51, 728 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Getsina, M. L.

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grachev, A. S.

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. M.

N. J. Dovichi and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 51, 728 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hibara, A.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

Jorgensen, M. R.

Kitamori, T.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

Kononets, M. Yu.

M. A. Proskurnin and M. Yu. Kononets, Russ. Chem. Rev. 73, 1143 (2004) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. P. Zharov and V. S. Letokhov, Laser Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (Springer, 1986).

Lide, D. R.

D. R. Lide, ed., CRC Handbook Chemistry and Physics, 85th ed., (CRC Press, 2004).

Lontsov, V. V.

B. K. Zuev and V. V. Lontsov, Russian Federation Patent Application N. 2005110437 (December 4, 2005).

Lowe, R. D.

R. D. Snook and R. D. Lowe, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 120, 2051 (1995) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Nedosekin, D. A.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

Proskurnin, M. A.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

M. A. Proskurnin and M. Yu. Kononets, Russ. Chem. Rev. 73, 1143 (2004) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

M. A. Proskurnin and A. G. Abroskin, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 54, 401 (1999).

Rice, S. A.

S. R. Berry, S. A. Rice, and J. Ross, Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2000).

Ross, J.

S. R. Berry, S. A. Rice, and J. Ross, Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2000).

Rudenko, B. A.

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smirnova, A.

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

Snook, R. D.

R. D. Snook and R. D. Lowe, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 120, 2051 (1995) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Yagov, V. V.

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zharov, V. P.

V. P. Zharov and V. S. Letokhov, Laser Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (Springer, 1986).

Zuev, B. K.

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Zuev and V. V. Lontsov, Russian Federation Patent Application N. 2005110437 (December 4, 2005).

Anal. Chem. (1)

N. J. Dovichi and J. M. Harris, Anal. Chem. 51, 728 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) (1)

R. D. Snook and R. D. Lowe, Analyst (Cambridge, U.K.) 120, 2051 (1995) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Electrophoresis (1)

A. Smirnova, M. A. Proskurnin, S. N. Bendrysheva, D. A. Nedosekin, A. Hibara, and T. Kitamori, Electrophoresis 29, 2741 (2008).
[PubMed]

J. Anal. Chem. USSR (3)

M. A. Proskurnin and A. G. Abroskin, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 54, 401 (1999).

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, M. L. Getsina, and B. A. Rudenko, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 57, 907 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Zuev, V. V. Yagov, and A. S. Grachev, J. Anal. Chem. USSR 61, 1172 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russ. Chem. Rev. (1)

M. A. Proskurnin and M. Yu. Kononets, Russ. Chem. Rev. 73, 1143 (2004) and references cited therein.
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

V. P. Zharov and V. S. Letokhov, Laser Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (Springer, 1986).

S. R. Berry, S. A. Rice, and J. Ross, Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 2000).

B. K. Zuev and V. V. Lontsov, Russian Federation Patent Application N. 2005110437 (December 4, 2005).

S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis (Wiley, 1996) and references cited therein.

D. R. Lide, ed., CRC Handbook Chemistry and Physics, 85th ed., (CRC Press, 2004).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the experimental setup for current-induced thermal-lens measurements with an inset showing a numerically calculated temperature field (COMSOL Multiphysics) in the working channel (along the optical axis, 1 mm ; diameter, 1.5 mm ). See the text for other experimental parameters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the thermal-lens signal [Eq. (1)] on the applied voltage for 0.07 M NaCl for three replicate experiments marked with similar marks and a parabolic approximation of the whole series of the results. The inset shows a development of thermal lens signal (a decrease in the probe-beam light intensity), with time upon increasing the voltage, in one of these replicate measurements (setup software capture screen).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RSD for CITLS and LITLS for the same probe-beam geometry as a function of the signal (error curve). The data for LITLS are previously recorded for the same probe-beam geometry and reproduced from [13]; the data for CITLS were collected for the voltage 10 80 V for 0.005 M NaCl. The inset shows a calibration plot of thermal-lens signal on NaCl concentration at applied voltage of 41.6 V .

Equations (5)

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ϑ I p ( 0 ) I p ( t ) I p ( t ) ,
Q = U 2 χ l t = U 2 Λ l c t ,
Δ T = Q ρ C p V = Φ T U 2 Λ c t ρ C p r cs 2 ,
ϑ CITLS = B λ p ( Φ T U 2 r cs 2 ) t E 0 D T Λ c ,
ϑ CITLS = ( 860 ± 10 ) c + ( 0.4 ± 0.1 ) ( r = 0.998 , n = 37 , P = 0.95 ) .

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