Abstract

We demonstrate an environmentally robust optical frequency comb based on a polarization-maintaining, all-fiber, figure-eight laser. The comb is phase locked to a cavity-stabilized cw laser by use of an intracavity electro-optic phase modulator yielding 1.6MHz feedback bandwidth. This high bandwidth provides close to shot-noise-limited residual phase noise between the comb and cw reference laser of 94dBcHz from 20Hzto200kHz and an integrated in-loop phase noise of 32mrad from 1Hzto1MHz. Moreover, the comb remains phase locked under significant mechanical vibrations of over 1g. This level of environmental robustness is an important step toward a fieldable fiber frequency comb.

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Bartels, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 29, 1081 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.
  10. J. W. Nicholson and M. Andrejco, Opt. Express 14, 8160 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Hudson, K. Holman, R. Jones, S. Cundiff, J. Ye, and D. Jones, Opt. Lett. 30, 2948 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Vig, http://www.ieee-uffc.org/freqcontrol/tutorials/vig3/vig3.ppt.
  13. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Notcutt, L. S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 30, 1815 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, Appl. Phys. B 83, 531 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Adler, A. Sell, F. Sotier, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3504 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, A. Sell, F. Sotier, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, Opt. Lett. 32, 3504 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

1999 (1)

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Andrejco, M.

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 29, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergquist, J. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bi, Z. Y.

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bize, S.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Chicireanu, R.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S.

Dawkins, S.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.

Diddams, S. A.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, L.

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Feder, K. S.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Fermann, M. E.

Gill, P.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Hollberg, L.

A. Bartels, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 29, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holleville, D.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Holman, K.

Hong, F. L.

Hong, F.-L.

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Huber, R.

Hudson, D.

Inaba, H.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Ishikawa, S.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D.

Jones, R.

Kashiwada, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Le Coq, Y.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lemonde, P.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Lorini, L.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lours, M.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Ma, L. S.

M. Notcutt, L. S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 30, 1815 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magalhaes, D.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Mandache, C.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

McFerran, J. J.

Millo, J.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Nazarova, T.

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, Appl. Phys. B 83, 531 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson and M. Andrejco, Opt. Express 14, 8160 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimura, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Notcutt, M.

Oates, C.

A. Bartels, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 29, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oates, C. W.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oxborrow, M.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quraishi, Q.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, Appl. Phys. B 83, 531 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robertsson, L.

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santarelli, G.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T.

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F. L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, Opt. Lett. 29, 2467 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

Sotier, F.

Sterr, U.

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, Appl. Phys. B 83, 531 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vig, J.

J. Vig, http://www.ieee-uffc.org/freqcontrol/tutorials/vig3/vig3.ppt.

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 31, 3046 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilpers, G.

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

Yost, D. C.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zucco, M.

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, Appl. Phys. B 83, 531 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Nat. Photonics 2, 355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 75, 011801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L. S. Ma, Z. Y. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, Science 303, 1843 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

I. Hartl, L. Dong, M. Fermann, T. Schibli, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, and H. Matsumoto, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005 (OFC/NFOEC), Vol. 6 of Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFJ2.

J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, in 2008 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium, (IEEE, 2008), p. 110.
[CrossRef]

J. Vig, http://www.ieee-uffc.org/freqcontrol/tutorials/vig3/vig3.ppt.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Setup of the optical comb. Black lines represent wire, and gray lines and curves represent fiber. Only the intracavity fiber of the figure-eight laser is PM. BPD, balanced photodetector; ISO, optical isolator; PPLN, periodically poled Li Nb O 3 ; LD, laser diode. (b) The counted beat frequencies of the optical and CEO locks with a 1 s gate time are counter limited. These data were taken while the comb laser was being actively vibrated at over 1 g . (c) The rf spectrum of the locked beat note between the figure-eight laser and the 1560 nm cw reference laser with a resolution bandwidth of 300 Hz .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) In-loop phase and amplitude noise PSD S φ and S A of the optical lock beat f 1560 at 50 MHz and the corresponding S φ under white-noise vibration (shaded area). For comparison the optical lock S φ (ring) of a ring laser is also shown. (b) Schematic setup of the vibration experiment consisting of a 30 cm × 30 cm breadboard on aluminum–rubber posts with a speaker beneath driven by an audio amplifier. The figure-eight laser is simplified; it actually covers the whole breadboard surface. (c) rms acceleration pattern for a swept sine wave measured with an accelerometer placed at different points on two lines from points A to B and C to D [as indicated in (b)] on the vibrating breadboard. At the center of the breadboard, the strongest acceleration is 1.9 g and occurs at 1 kHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top, vibration sensitivity Γ of f 1560 ; the gray line visualizes the increase of Γ with roughly 10 16 Hz 1 g 1 × f m . Bottom, rms phase noise of the CEO beat and the optical f 1560 beat along with the spatially averaged breadboard acceleration spectrum.

Metrics