Abstract

Variable-ratio power splitters using computer-generated planar holograms on multimode interference couplers are analyzed. The coherent wave at the device input is transformed to the desired output using numerically calculated refractive index perturbations on multimode channel waveguides at half the beat length. Devices are fabricated on the silicon-on-insulator platform and characterized at a wavelength of 1.55μm. Power-splitting ratios are varied by changing the hologram etch depth and the hologram length.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. T. S. Yu and S. Jutamulia, Optical Signal Processing, Computing, and Neural Networks (Wiley, 1992).
  2. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 26, 414 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Bai and K. S. Chiang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3856 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Hashimoto, T. Saida, I. Ogawa, M. Kohtoku, T. Shibata, and H. Takahashi, Opt. Lett. 30, 2620 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Sakamaki, T. Saida, T. Hashimoto, and H. Takahashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3511 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Y. Feng and T. S. Lay, Opt. Express 16, 7175 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S.-Y. Tseng, Y. Kim, C. J. K. Richardson, and J. Goldhar, Appl. Opt. 45, 4864 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B.-T. Lee and S.-Y. Shin, Opt. Lett. 28, 1660 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. R. Gupta, K. Tsutsumi, and J. Nakayama, Appl. Opt. 42, 2730 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S.-Y. Tseng, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, D. Owens, and B. Kippelen, Opt. Express 15, 9015 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. R. Hadley, Opt. Lett. 17, 1426 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Kawano and T. Kiton, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

1996 (2)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Bachmann, M.

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

Besse, P. A.

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D. J. Y.

Fuentes-Hernandez, C.

Gini, E.

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

Gupta, A. R.

Hadley, G. R.

Hashimoto, T.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jutamulia, S.

F. T. S. Yu and S. Jutamulia, Optical Signal Processing, Computing, and Neural Networks (Wiley, 1992).

Kawano, K.

K. Kawano and T. Kiton, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Kippelen, B.

Kiton, T.

K. Kawano and T. Kiton, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Kohtoku, M.

Lay, T. S.

Lee, B.-T.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Nakayama, J.

Ogawa, I.

Owens, D.

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, C. J. K.

Saida, T.

Sakamaki, Y.

Shibata, T.

Shin, S.-Y.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Tseng, S.-Y.

Tsutsumi, K.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, F. T. S.

F. T. S. Yu and S. Jutamulia, Optical Signal Processing, Computing, and Neural Networks (Wiley, 1992).

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Y. Bai and K. S. Chiang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3856 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sakamaki, T. Saida, T. Hashimoto, and H. Takahashi, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3511 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, and M. K. Smit, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1004 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann, and H. Melchior, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2286 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

K. Kawano and T. Kiton, Introduction to Optical Waveguide Analysis (Wiley, 2001).
[CrossRef]

F. T. S. Yu and S. Jutamulia, Optical Signal Processing, Computing, and Neural Networks (Wiley, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top, schematic of the 2 × 2 CGPH power splitter on SOI. Bottom, dimensions of the power splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Section of the fabricated 2 × 2 CGPH power splitter. Insets show SEM micrographs of the device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized splitting ratio (Meas.) of the fabricated devices with different etch depth d etch and hologram length L H at λ = 1.55 μ m with TE polarization. Also shown are simulated splitting ratios (Sim.) of devices with various effective index modulations corresponding to the different etch depths.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

K = [ 0 κ κ 0 ] ,
bar : 1 2 ( 1 + sin 2 κ L H ) ,
cross : 1 2 ( 1 sin 2 κ L H ) .

Metrics