Abstract

We show the designs of bulk one- and two-dimensionally isotropic photonic negative index metamaterials working around telecom wavelengths. The designed structures are inherently connected, which makes fabrication by direct laser writing and chemical vapor deposition or other techniques possible.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. M. Shalaev, Nat. Photonics 1, 41 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Dolling, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 551 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, Nat. Photonics 1, 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 551 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deubel, M.

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dolling, G.

Economou, E. N.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greegor, R. B.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, Th.

Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 551 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Markos, P.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, J. A.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parazzoli, C. G.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S.

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plet, C.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rill, M. S.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, Nat. Photonics 1, 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Staude, I.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanielian, M. H.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, M.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. A.

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 551 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. B. Greegor, C. G. Parazzoli, J. A. Nielsen, M. A. Thompson, M. H. Tanielian, and D. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091114 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. M. Shalaev, Nat. Photonics 1, 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature Mater. (3)

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Nature Mater. 7, 31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Rill, C. Plet, M. Thiel, I. Staude, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Nature Mater. 7, 543 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nature Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

Th. Koschny, L. Zhang, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 121103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Th. Koschny, P. Markos, E. N. Economou, D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 71, 245105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, and M. Wegener, Science 315, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a), (b) Unit cell with parameters and incident field configuration for the 1D NIM consisting of one pair of meandering wires and (c)–(e) the corresponding retrieved effective parameters using the HEM approximation. The solid curves indicate the real parts, and the dashed curves indicate the imaginary parts.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Retrieved effective index of refraction for different lengths (1 to 11 unit cells) plotted on the same graph. Curves for multiple unit cells (thin curves) tend to coincide, except for the initial shift from the single-unit cell curve (thick curve) to the two-unit cell curve.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a), (b) Unit cell and incident field configuration for the 2D NIM consisting of two pairs of meandering wires and (c)–(e) corresponding retrieved effective parameters using the HEM approximation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Retrieved effective index of refraction for the first four lengths (i.e., 1 to 4 unit cells) plotted on the same graph. Curves for multiple unit cells (thin curves) coincide with that of the single-unit cell (thick curve).

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