Abstract

It is shown that plasma polarization measurements can be used to enhance the sensitivity of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The polarization of the plasma emission is used to suppress the continuum with only slight attenuation of the discrete atomic and ionic spectra. The method is demonstrated for LIBS detection of copper and carbon samples ablated by pairs of femtosecond laser pulses.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (2)

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Singha, Z. Hu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113520 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Diedrich, S. J. Rehse, and S. Palchaudhuri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 163901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

H. L. Xu, W. Liu, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 31, 1540 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (4)

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Adam, P.

Amouroux, J.

Barthelemy, O.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bassiotis, I.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bette, H.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Botheroyd, I. M.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, B.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brysch, A.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chaker, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Y.

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

Chung, Y. S.

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cremers, D. A.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Diamantopoulou, A.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diedrich, J.

J. Diedrich, S. J. Rehse, and S. Palchaudhuri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 163901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dudragne, L.

Evans, C. P.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fichet, P.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, T.

T. Fujimoto, Plasma Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 2004).

Giannoudakos, A.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R. J.

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Singha, Z. Hu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113520 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hornkohl, J. O.

Hu, Z.

S. Singha, Z. Hu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113520 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Keszler, A. M.

Kompitsas, M.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kraushaar, M.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, J. L.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laville, S.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, S.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Le Drogoff, B.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. M.

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Margot, J.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maurice, S.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monch, I.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nemes, L.

Noll, R.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Palchaudhuri, S.

J. Diedrich, S. J. Rehse, and S. Palchaudhuri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 163901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parigger, C. G.

Peter, L.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Rehse, S. J.

J. Diedrich, S. J. Rehse, and S. Palchaudhuri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 163901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, F.

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salle, B.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarger, L.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, J. P.

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

Singha, S.

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Singha, Z. Hu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113520 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sirven, J. B.

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, V.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, S. N.

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

Tsai, S. J. J.

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tseng, P. C.

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, F.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

von Kaenel, Y.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vors, E.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Whitehouse, A. I.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wiens, R. C.

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witt, T. E.

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. L.

Young, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

S. J. J. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, Y. S. Chung, and P. C. Tseng, Anal. Chem. 78, 7432 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Liu, S. Singha, T. E. Witt, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 161502 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, S. Singha, Y. M. Liu, and R. J. Gordon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Diedrich, S. J. Rehse, and S. Palchaudhuri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 163901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Singha, Z. Hu, and R. J. Gordon, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 113520 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (5)

B. Salle, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, P. Fichet, S. Maurice, D. A. Cremers, and R. C. Wiens, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 59, 1413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, and J. Wright, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, and Y. von Kaenel, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Bassiotis, A. Diamantopoulou, A. Giannoudakos, F. Roubani-Kalantzopoulou, and M. Kompitsas, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 671 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Sirven, B. Bousquet, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1033 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta, Part B (1)

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, and V. Sturm, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 56, 637 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. A. Cremers and L. J. Radziemski, Handbook of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Singh and S. N. Thakur, Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2007).

T.Fujimoto and A.Iwamae, eds., Plasma Polarization Spectroscopy (Springer, 2007).

T. Fujimoto, Plasma Spectroscopy (Oxford U. Press, 2004).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plasma emission spectra produced by fs laser ablation of copper and graphite. Upper graphs, LIBS measured without the polarizer; lower graphs, PRLIBS measured with the polarizer in place with its polarization plane perpendicular to that of the laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the intensity (solid curves) and polarization (dotted curves) spectra for (a) copper and (b) graphite samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Copper and carbon spectra measured with the polarizer at different angles. 0° corresponds to the polarization plane of the polarizer parallel to that of the incident laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of (a) LIBS and (b) PRLIBS spectra for a copper sample (dotted curves) and a US dime coin (solid curves).

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