Abstract

We experimentally investigate the dispersion curve of an integrated silicon-on-insulator coupled-cavity waveguide in a photonic crystal environment using a technique based on far-field imaging. We show that a chain of eight coupled cavities of a moderate Q factor can form a continuous dispersion band characterized by extremely flat dispersion and a group index of 105±20 within a 2.6nm wavelength range. The experimental results are well reproduced by theoretical calculations based on the guided-mode expansion method.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, Opt. Lett. 24, 711 (1999).
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  3. F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
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  4. T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  8. L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
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  9. W. Bogerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401 (2005).
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  11. J. Jágerská, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, J. Bolten, C. Moormann, T. Wahlbrink, J. Čtyroký, M. Waldow, and M. Först, Opt. Lett. 32, 2723 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, V. Zabelin, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. B 78, 125301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

J. Jágerská, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, J. Bolten, C. Moormann, T. Wahlbrink, J. Čtyroký, M. Waldow, and M. Först, Opt. Lett. 32, 2723 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O'Brien, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Möller, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, Opt. Express 15, 17362 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Artemyev, M. V.

Asano, T.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogerts, W.

Bolten, J.

Ctyroký, J.

Dumon, P.

Först, M.

Gerace, D.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Houdré, R.

Jágerská, J.

Kato, M.

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

Kotlyar, M. V.

N. Le Thomas, V. Zabelin, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. B 78, 125301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O'Brien, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

N. Le Thomas, V. Zabelin, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. B 78, 125301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O'Brien, and T. F. Krauss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

Le Thomas, N.

Lee, R. K.

Luyssaert, B.

Modinos, A.

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Möller, B. M.

Moormann, C.

Noda, S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

O'Brien, D.

Scherer, A.

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stefanou, N.

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

Tanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

Taniyama, H.

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Thourhout, D.

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wahlbrink, T.

Waldow, M.

Wiaux, V.

Woggon, U.

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Yariv, A.

Zabelin, V.

N. Le Thomas, V. Zabelin, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. B 78, 125301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, Nat. Photonics 1, 65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature Mater. (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nature Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, V. Zabelin, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, and T. F. Krauss, Phys. Rev. B 78, 125301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, H. Taniyama, M. Kato, and M. Notomi, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS'07) (2007), paper QMG2.
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Top-view SEM image of the heterostructure CCW. (b) Transmission spectrum of a single cavity. (c) Near-field intensity profile of the CCW mode recorded at λ = 1546.8 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental dispersion diagram compared to the GME calculation. (b) Simulation of the CCW mode formation upon increasing the lattice constant difference between the cavities ( a = 430 nm ) and the barriers ( a b = 430 , 425, 420, and 410 nm ). (c) Line profiles of the CCW mode dispersion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized dispersion of the CCW mode (left) and its group index n g (right). The experimental group index was obtained by both numerical differentiation of the raw data (crosses) and data interpolated by a spline function (black curve).

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