Abstract

Here we report electric-field-induced, wavelength-tunable random lasing action in a liquid-crystal infiltrated disordered planar microcavity. With the increasing of external voltage from 0Vto30V, the emission wavelength of the random laser was continuously tuned from 648nmto597nm. It was also tuned back to 648nm again by reducing the voltage back to 0V.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 13, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

X. Wu and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 32, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, S.

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chipoline, A.

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 13, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Graugnard, E.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jain, S.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I. C.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

King, J. S.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. Y.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Polson, R. C.

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 13, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Song, Q. H.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 13, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. C.

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. S.

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Wu, Y. G.

Xiao, S. M.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zakhidov, A.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang-Williams, Y.

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X. C.

Q. H. Song, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, L. Xu, Y. G. Wu, and Z. S. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 373 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.)

R. C. Polson, A. Chipoline, and Z. V. Vardeny, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 13, 760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2997 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Polson and Z. V. Vardeny, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1289 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. M. Xiao, Q. H. Song, F. Wang, L. Y. Liu, J. H. Liu, and L. Xu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 407 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. S. Wiersma and S. Cavalieri, Nature 414, 708 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

E. Graugnard, J. S. King, S. Jain, C. J. Summers, Y. Zhang-Williams, and I. C. Khoo, Phys. Rev. B 72, 233105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Song, L. Wang, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, L. Y. Liu, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 035424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, K. Yoshino, A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, Phys. Rev. B 59, R5284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Q. H. Song, L. Y. Liu, S. M. Xiao, X. C. Zhou, W. C. Wang, and L. Xu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Reflection spectrum of a liquid-crystal infiltrated disordered planar microcavity. Inset, schematic picture of a disordered planar microcavity. The disordered planar microcavity was fabricated on an ITO-coated glass substrate, and external voltage was applied onto the ITO layers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Laser spectra of ordinary (gray curve) and extraordinary lights (black dashed curve) with 9 μ J cm 2 pump intensity. (b) Dependence of output intensity on pump intensity. A clear threshold behavior can be observed at about 5 μ J cm 2 . Inset, near-field image of a random laser in a liquid-crystal infiltrated disordered planar microcavity. The pump intensity is also 9 μ J cm 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission wavelength of an output random laser with different external voltage. The open circles and solid squares show the wavelength shifting with increasing and decreasing external voltage, respectively.

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