Abstract

We investigate optimum plasmon-enhanced total-internal-reflection fluorescence imaging by metallic thin films and nanostructures. The enhancement is based on the mismatch between the conditions of plasmon resonance and maximal near-field intensity. We have calculated plasmon-associated near-field and far-field characteristics using rigorous coupled-wave analysis. Near-field intensity was experimentally measured with fluorescent beads on silver thin films, nanogratings, and nanoislands. The results for nanostructure-based plasmon excitation confirm that momentum mismatching when exciting plasmons can increase the consequent emission of fluorescence substantially. The improvement can be critical depending on the specific structure.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Byun, S. M. Jang, S. J. Kim, and D. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 1027 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

K. M. Byun, S. J. Kim, and D. Kim, Opt. Express 13, 3737 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tawa and K. Morigaki, Biophys. J. 89, 2750 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Liebermann and W. Knoll, Colloid. Surf. A 171, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Yokota, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, P.

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aslan, K.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Byun, K. M.

Cho, E.-J.

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Felidj, N.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fort, E.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, C. D.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grésillon, S.

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hori, H.

Huh, Y.-M.

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, S. M.

Kim, D.

Kim, D. J.

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. J.

Kintaka, K.

Kiyosue, K.

Knoll, W.

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liebermann and W. Knoll, Colloid. Surf. A 171, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamprecht, B.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liebermann, T.

T. Liebermann and W. Knoll, Colloid. Surf. A 171, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Löfås, S.

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malicka, J.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matveeva, E.

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morigaki, K.

K. Tawa and K. Morigaki, Biophys. J. 89, 2750 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishii, J.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Persson, B.

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, K.

H. Yokota, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salerno, M.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suh, J.-S.

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatsu, Y.

Tawa, K.

Yanagida, T.

H. Yokota, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yokota, H.

H. Yokota, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, S. J.

Yu, F.

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

E. Matveeva, Z. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, Anal. Biochem. 334, 303 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, N. Felidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

K. Tawa and K. Morigaki, Biophys. J. 89, 2750 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colloid. Surf. A (1)

T. Liebermann and W. Knoll, Colloid. Surf. A 171, 115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. (1)

K. Aslan, I. Gryczynski, J. Malicka, E. Matveeva, J. R. Lakowicz, and C. D. Geddes, Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 16, 55 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

F. Yu, B. Persson, S. Löfås, and W. Knoll, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 8902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Fort and S. Grésillon, J. Phys. D 41, 013001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, E.-J. Cho, J.-S. Suh, Y.-M. Huh, and D. Kim, Nanotechnology 20, 015202 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, Phys. Rev. B 64, 125405 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Yokota, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4606 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images: (a) silver nanograting ( Λ = 250 nm and d g = 20 nm ) and (b) nanoislands sample ( d f = 40 nm and d g = 20 nm ). The images were taken after rinsing, so fluorescent beads are shown scattered. (c) Optical setup (FC, fiber coupler; PO, polarizer; M, rotatable mirror; F, optical filter; PD, photodiode; OB, objective lens).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Near-field and far-field characteristics: (a) silver thin-film-based SPR, (b) silver nanograting-based SPR, and (c) silver nanoislands. Measured fluorescence images of a single fluorescent bead ( ϕ = 40 nm ) are also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated near-field distribution of magnetic field intensity for nanoislands: (a) resonance and (b) field maximum. The RCWA simulation was performed with 1 nm meshes over an area of 2 × 2 μ m 2 .

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