Abstract

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is demonstrated in a microstructured optical fiber sensor for the first time (to our knowledge). SPR features were observed at 560 and 620nm when sample fluids of refractive indices n=1.38 and n=1.41, respectively, were applied to the sensor. This study also identifies a new approach to improve the resolution of fiber SPR sensors.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.
  2. R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Monzón-Hernández, J. Villatoro, D. Talavera, and D. Luna-Moreno, Appl. Opt. 43, 1216 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Nemova and R. Kashyap, Opt. Lett. 31, 2118 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. Ma, T. Katagiri, and Y. Matsuura, Opt. Lett. 34, 1069 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1423 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, and H. Ludvigsen, Opt. Express 16, 8427 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Cox, R. Lwin, M. Large, and C. Cordeiro, Opt. Express 15, 11843 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Roos, Powerpoint presentation, http://hermes.material.uu.se/~klas/S&A-Biochem+Biacore.pdf
  11. Polymode, http://code.google.com/p/polymode/, retrieved November 24, 2009.
  12. N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Docherty and L. Poladian, presented at the European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the XI EuropeanQuantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany, June 14-19, 2009.
  14. Data Sheet: Refractive Index Liquid Series AA, Cargille Laboratories, Cedar Grove, N.J., USA.
  15. A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

M. Hautakorpi, M. Mattinen, and H. Ludvigsen, Opt. Express 16, 8427 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Cox, R. Lwin, M. Large, and C. Cordeiro, Opt. Express 15, 11843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chi, M.-H.

M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, M.-H.

M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C.

Cox, F.

Cuenot, S.

M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Docherty, A.

A. Docherty and L. Poladian, presented at the European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the XI EuropeanQuantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany, June 14-19, 2009.

Doggett, D. E.

E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.

Dulman, H. D.

E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.

Fontana, E.

E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.

Gupta, B. D.

R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hassani, A.

Hautakorpi, M.

Issa, N. A.

Kanso, M.

M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Katagiri, T.

Large, M.

Louarn, G.

M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

Luna-Moreno, D.

Lwin, R.

Ma, L.

Maradudin, A. A.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, Y.

Mattinen, M.

Mirsky, V. M.

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monzón-Hernández, D.

Nemova, G.

Pantell, R. H.

E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.

Poladian, L.

N. A. Issa and L. Poladian, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1005 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Docherty and L. Poladian, presented at the European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the XI EuropeanQuantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany, June 14-19, 2009.

Polymode,

Polymode, http://code.google.com/p/polymode/, retrieved November 24, 2009.

Roos, H.

H. Roos, Powerpoint presentation, http://hermes.material.uu.se/~klas/S&A-Biochem+Biacore.pdf

Samoylov, A. V.

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, A. K.

R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shih, C.-H.

M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shirshov, Y. M.

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Surovtseva, E. R.

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Talavera, D.

Verma, R. K.

R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Villatoro, J.

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zynio, S. A.

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. A (1)

M. Kanso, S. Cuenot, and G. Louarn, J. Opt. A 9, 586 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. K. Verma, A. K. Sharma, and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Commun. 281, 1486 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rep. 408, 131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

M.-H. Chiu, C.-H. Shih, and M.-H. Chi, Sens. Actuators B 123, 1120 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

S. A. Zynio, A. V. Samoylov, E. R. Surovtseva, V. M. Mirsky, and Y. M. Shirshov, Sensors 2, 62 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

A. Docherty and L. Poladian, presented at the European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the XI EuropeanQuantum Electronics Conference, Munich, Germany, June 14-19, 2009.

Data Sheet: Refractive Index Liquid Series AA, Cargille Laboratories, Cedar Grove, N.J., USA.

E. Fontana, H. D. Dulman, D. E. Doggett, and R. H. Pantell, in IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (1997), pp. 19-21.

H. Roos, Powerpoint presentation, http://hermes.material.uu.se/~klas/S&A-Biochem+Biacore.pdf

Polymode, http://code.google.com/p/polymode/, retrieved November 24, 2009.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the sensor; the gray is the microstructure, with gold layer represented by a small rectangle. (b) Microstructure cross section showing the base of the slot.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

First three modes that are capable of exciting surface plasmons, solved without the metal layer. The given effective indices and losses are for the wavelength of 460 nm . Arrows, polarization of the electric field. White dots, air; black background, PMMA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dispersion relations in a system with 37 nm gold and Cargille Series AA index fluid ( n D = 1.41 ) as the analyte. Coupling between the plasmon and optical mode occurs around 680 nm , as identified by the dashed line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized transmission data for the sensor when exposed to different analytes; n D = 1.38 and n D = 1.41 .

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