Abstract

We present an electric-field cross-correlation technique that uses a pair of frequency combs to sweep phase and group delays independently without a mechanical stage. We demonstrate this technique for characterization of optical arbitrary waveforms composed of 30 spectral lines from a 10GHz frequency comb. Rapid data acquisition (tens of microseconds) enables interferometric spectral phase measurement of pulses subject to propagation over 20km of optical fiber.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (3)

2008 (2)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Huang, S. G. Park, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express 16, 2520 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Chao, J.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington,W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 34, 2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fontaine, N. K.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heritage, J. P.

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. B.

Huang, C.-B.

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Izutsu, M.

Jiang, Z.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

Kilper, D. C.

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

Miao, H.

Mogi, K.

Morimoto, A.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington,W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 34, 2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

Park, S. G.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raybon, G.

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Scott, R. P.

Seo, D. S.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuart, H. R.

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Supradeepa, V. R.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington,W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Opt. Lett. 34, 2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

Weiner, A. M.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, H.

Yamamoto, S.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Dorrer, D. C. Kilper, H. R. Stuart, G. Raybon, and M. G. Raymer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup. Here Δ f CEO is 100 MHz , f sig is 9.953 GHz , f ref is f sig + Δ f rep , Δ f rep is 220 KHz . CW, continuous-wave laser; PM, phase modulator; IM, intensity modulator; Amp, optical amplifier; PD, photodetector; AO, acousto-optic frequency shifter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) EFXC data for bandwidth-limited signal showing multiple periods, (b) EFXC data for bandwidth-limited signal zoomed-in to show the fringe period, (c) EFXC data for π-phase step signal, and (d) EFXC data for cubic phase signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Retrieved (a) amplitude and phase for (b) approximately bandwidth-limited signal, (c) quadratic phase, (d) cubic phase, (e) π-phase step signals obtained via pulse shaper, and (f) after propagation through 20 km optical fiber. In (b) nine sets of data are overlaid. Circles (c)–(f), retrieved phase; lines, applied phase through pulse shaper [(c)–(e)] and quadratic fit (f).

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