Abstract

We demonstrate the direct generation of sub-two-cycle pulses by soliton self-compression of femtosecond pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser at 85MHz using a 4.85-mm-long highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. Sub-nanojoule, 41fs input pulses were compressed down to 4.6 fs without additional phase compensation schemes. To our knowledge, these are the shortest pulses obtained by soliton-effect compression of a laser oscillator. Efficient, near-dispersionless collimation of the fiber output was achieved with a simple lens and an octave-spanning double-chirped mirror pair. The full electric field of the compressed pulses was retrieved with a genetic algorithm applied to spectral and interferometric autocorrelation measurements, and the results are well described by numerical simulations.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  2. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. J. L. Silva, http://laserfoam.sourceforge.net.

2009 (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

M. V. Tognetti, M. N. Miranda, and H. M. Crespo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. D. Pelusi and Hai-Feng Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Amorim, A. A.

P. Oliveira, J. L. Silva, A. A. Amorim, and H. M. Crespo, presented at the VII Ultrafast Optics/XIII High Field Short Wavelength Conference, Arcachon, France, August 31-September 4 2009, paper P1.18.

Apolonski, A.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Birge, J. R.

Burgdörfer, J.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crespo, H. M.

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 33, 833 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. Tognetti and H. M. Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Tognetti, M. N. Miranda, and H. M. Crespo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Oliveira, J. L. Silva, A. A. Amorim, and H. M. Crespo, presented at the VII Ultrafast Optics/XIII High Field Short Wavelength Conference, Arcachon, France, August 31-September 4 2009, paper P1.18.

Dombi, P.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Ippen, E. P.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kim, J.

Kleppner, D.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuzucu, O.

Lemell, C.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Hai-Feng

M. D. Pelusi and Hai-Feng Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matos, L.

Miranda, M. N.

M. V. Tognetti, M. N. Miranda, and H. M. Crespo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, P.

P. Oliveira, J. L. Silva, A. A. Amorim, and H. M. Crespo, presented at the VII Ultrafast Optics/XIII High Field Short Wavelength Conference, Arcachon, France, August 31-September 4 2009, paper P1.18.

Paschotta, R.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi and Hai-Feng Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sander, M. Y.

Schenkel, B.

Schibli, T. R.

Silva, J. L.

P. Oliveira, J. L. Silva, A. A. Amorim, and H. M. Crespo, presented at the VII Ultrafast Optics/XIII High Field Short Wavelength Conference, Arcachon, France, August 31-September 4 2009, paper P1.18.

J. L. Silva, http://laserfoam.sourceforge.net.

Szipocs, R.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tognetti, M. V.

M. V. Tognetti and H. M. Crespo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Tognetti, M. N. Miranda, and H. M. Crespo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipőcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, Appl. Phys. B 76, 329 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. D. Pelusi and Hai-Feng Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. V. Tognetti, M. N. Miranda, and H. M. Crespo, Phys. Rev. A 74, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

F. X. Kärtner, Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

P. Oliveira, J. L. Silva, A. A. Amorim, and H. M. Crespo, presented at the VII Ultrafast Optics/XIII High Field Short Wavelength Conference, Arcachon, France, August 31-September 4 2009, paper P1.18.

J. L. Silva, http://laserfoam.sourceforge.net.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the generation and measurement of soliton-compressed sub-two-cycle pulses (see text for details). Inset, beam coupling and collimation in the PCF showing generation of intense broadband radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated group-velocity dispersion of the pulse collimation and measurement system after the PCF output.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured input and output spectra and retrieved spectral phase of the compressed pulses. (b) Simulated output spectrum and spectral phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and retrieved IAC traces of the soliton-effect compressed sub-two-cycle pulses. Inset, input pulse IAC.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Retrieved intensity (black curve) and retrieved temporal phase (dotted curve) of the compressed pulse; simulated intensity (gray curve).

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