Abstract

Time-resolved pure-rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy using picosecond-duration laser pulses is investigated for gas thermometry. The use of picosecond laser pulses significantly reduces background caused by scattering of the probe beam, and delayed probing of the Raman coherence enables elimination of interference from nonresonant four-wave mixing processes. Temperatures inferred from rotational spectra are sensitive to the probe delay because of the rotational-level dependence of collisional dephasing of Raman coherences. The sensitivity decreases, however, with increasing temperature, and accurate temperature measurements in a flame are demonstrated using a standard frequency-domain analysis of the spectra.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. C. Eckbreth and T. J. Anderson, Opt. Lett. 11, 496 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Aldén, P.-E. Bengtsson, and H. Edner, Appl. Opt. 25, 4493 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Seeger and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 35, 2665 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.
  6. F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 30, 3222 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Seeger, F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 932 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2009

S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 30, 3222 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

T. Seeger, F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996

1993

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

1979

L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aldén, M.

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, P.-E. Bengtsson, and H. Edner, Appl. Opt. 25, 4493 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, T. J.

Bengtsson, P.-E.

F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, P.-E. Bengtsson, and H. Edner, Appl. Opt. 25, 4493 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Beyrau, F.

F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Seeger, F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bonamy, J.

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bood, J.

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Bräuer, A.

F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, T. Seeger, and A. Leipertz, Opt. Lett. 29, 247 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Seeger, F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burgdorf, K.

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Denbratt, I.

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Eckbreth, A. C.

Edner, H.

Frederickson, K.

S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gord, J. R.

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 30, 3222 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grasser, T. W.

S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kearney, S. P.

S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kröll, S.

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Leipertz, A.

Martinsson, L.

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mattern, P. L.

L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mauss, F.

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Meyer, T. R.

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 30, 3222 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahn, L. A.

L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 30, 3222 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seeger, T.

Vestin, F.

F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zych, L. J.

L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Roy, T. R. Meyer, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 264103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, S. Kröll, and J. Bonamy, J. Chem. Phys. 99, 2466 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

T. Seeger, F. Beyrau, A. Bräuer, and A. Leipertz, J. Raman Spectrosc. 34, 932 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, and P. L. Mattern, Opt. Commun. 30, 249 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Combust. Inst.

F. Vestin, M. Afzelius, and P.-E. Bengtsson, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Kearney, K. Frederickson, and T. W. Grasser, Proc. Combust. Inst. 32, 871 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Bood, P.-E. Bengtsson, F. Mauss, K. Burgdorf, and I. Denbratt, presented at the International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition (SAE International, 1997), Paper 971669.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrally integrated RCARS signal plotted as a function of the pump–probe delay.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra (corrected for dark counts) from 5% N 2 in Ar at 294 K and 1  bar for delays of (a) 0 ps and (b) 200 ps .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fitted experimental spectra from N 2 at 294 K and 1  bar for delays of (a) 0 ps and (b) 360 ps . (c) Evaluated temperatures as a function of delay.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra obtained on the fuel-rich side of a C H 4 flame for delays of (a) 0 ps and (b) 260 ps . (c) Evaluated temperatures as a function of delay.

Metrics