Abstract

A 2×2 photonic crystal fiber (PCF) planar lightwave circuit (PLC) splitter, which splits optical power between two PCF channels, has been made by PCF-to-PLC connections. PCF array blocks were lithographically fabricated to have fiber V grooves and used to firmly hold PCFs and align them to the PLC splitter. The proposed splitter showed a rather flat splitting ratio over a wide wavelength range from 1250nmto1750nm. With the implemented splitter, we obtained a low excess loss of 1.6dB, a low polarization-dependent loss of 0.1dB, and a high return loss of 52dB. The ultrabroadband operation of the proposed splitter is expected to find applications in optical performance monitoring, Ethernet passive optical networks, and biomedical optics including optical coherence tomography.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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