Abstract

Metallic back structures with one-dimensional periodic nanoridges attached to a thin-film amorphous Si (a-Si) solar cell are numerically studied. At the interfaces between a-Si and metal materials, the excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons leads to obvious absorption enhancements in a wide near-IR range for different ridge shapes and periods. The highest enhancement factor of the cell external quantum efficiency is estimated to be 3.32. The optimized structure can achieve an increase of 17.12% in the cell efficiency.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. V.M.Shalaev and S.Kawata, eds., Nanophotonics with Surface Plasmons (Elsevier, 2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (3)

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (9)

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Mutitu, S. Shi, C. Chen, T. Creazzo, A. Barnett, C. Honsberg, and D. W. Prather, Opt. Express 16, 15238 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Opt. Express 16, 21793 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 15, 16986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pang, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Commun. 280, 10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

D. Crouse, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 52, 2365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Lopis and I. Tobias, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87, 481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

F. J. Garcıa-Vidal and L. Martın-Moreno, Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Green, Physica E 14, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. S. Crandall, R. Williams, and B. E. Tompkins, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5506 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alamariu, B. A.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ballif, C.

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barbara, A.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, A.

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bermel, P.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 15, 16986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broderick, K. A.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Opt. Express 16, 21793 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Collin, S.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Crandall, R. S.

R. S. Crandall, R. Williams, and B. E. Tompkins, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5506 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Creazzo, T.

Crouse, D.

D. Crouse, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 52, 2365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cubero, O.

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Derkacs, D.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, X.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

Y. Pang, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Commun. 280, 10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, V. E.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gan, Q.

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcıa-Vidal and L. Martın-Moreno, Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

Y. Pang, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Commun. 280, 10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Green, Physica E 14, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hägglund, C.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haug, F.-J.

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Honsberg, C.

Joannopoulos, J.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Kasemo, B.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 15, 16986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitson, S. C.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, M.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krc, J.

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Le Perchec, J.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, S. H.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

López-Ríos, T.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopis, F.

F. Lopis and I. Tobias, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87, 481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C.

Luxembourg, S. L.

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mar, W.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcıa-Vidal and L. Martın-Moreno, Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matheu, P.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mutitu, J. G.

Nakayama, K.

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pacifici, D.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

Y. Pang, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Commun. 280, 10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pardo, F.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pelouard, J.-L.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, G.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Opt. Express 16, 21793 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prather, D. W.

Preist, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Quémerais, P.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sai, H.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

Söderström, T.

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sweatlock, L. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, K.

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teissier, R.

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Terrazzoni-Daudrix, V.

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tobias, I.

F. Lopis and I. Tobias, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87, 481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tompkins, B. E.

R. S. Crandall, R. Williams, and B. E. Tompkins, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5506 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Topic, M.

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R.

R. S. Crandall, R. Williams, and B. E. Tompkins, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5506 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yi, Y.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, E. T.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zäch, M.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeman, M.

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, L.

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 15, 16986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 121904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Zeng, P. Bermel, Y. Yi, B. A. Alamariu, K. A. Broderick, J. Liu, C. Hong, X. Duan, J. Joannopoulos, and L. C. Kimerling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 221105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Krc, M. Zeman, S. L. Luxembourg, and M. Topic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 153501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

D. Crouse, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 52, 2365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

R. S. Crandall, R. Williams, and B. E. Tompkins, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5506 (1979).
[CrossRef]

F.-J. Haug, T. Söderström, O. Cubero, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 064509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 8, 4391 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Pang, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Opt. Commun. 280, 10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Collin, F. Pardo, R. Teissier, and J.-L. Pelouard, Phys. Rev. B 63, 033107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcıa-Vidal and L. Martın-Moreno, Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 056801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica E (1)

M. A. Green, Physica E 14, 65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (2)

F. Lopis and I. Tobias, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87, 481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

V.M.Shalaev and S.Kawata, eds., Nanophotonics with Surface Plasmons (Elsevier, 2007).

E.D.Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulations in 500 nm a-Si film on 300 nm Ag with Ag ridges of 100 nm width and 50 nm height at the a- Si Ag interface. Absorptance spectra in the case of (a) rectangle ridges for different periods and (b) of semicircle ridges for different periods.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of the complete plasmonic back structure solar cell with 30 - nm -thick ITO on the upper surface ( Z = 0.3 ) and Ag ridges at the a- Si Ag interface ( Z = 0 ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Efficiency versus height for rectangle ridges at the period of 325 nm . (b) Efficiency versus period for rectangle ridges at a height of 60 nm and semicircle ridges at a diameter of 100 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plasmonic solar cell properties of rectangle ridges ( period = 325 nm , height = 60 nm , width = 100 nm ) and semicircle ridges ( period = 300 nm , diameter = 100 nm ). (a) EQE enhancement of these two cell models. (b), (c) Steady spatial field distribution of E intensity and H intensity at the strongest enhancement wavelengths. (d) Incident solar spectrum (AM1.5) and total absorption spectra of these two cell models compared with the reference. (e) I–V curves of the two solar cell models compared with the reference.

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