Abstract

A precise relation between the acoustic index and the amount of doped Ge in silica is established using both energy and wave dispersive spectroscopies on preform pieces and stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers. It is shown that the relation is in very good agreement with a simple model involving only GeO2 and SiO2 bulk parameters. The change in the acoustic index is found to be 3.97×103/wt .  % GeO2 at 1550 nm.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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G. Carini, L. Orsingher, G. Tripodo, and E. Gillioli, Philos. Mag. 88, 4143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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1988 (1)

1986 (1)

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C. R. Hammond, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

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Bickham, S. R.

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R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
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Crowley, A. M.

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R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
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DiGiovanni, D. J.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

DiMarcello, F. V.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

Dragic, P. D.

P. D. Dragic, Electron. Lett. 45, 256 (2009).
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Fini, J. M.

Fleming, J. W.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

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A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

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M. Niklés, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842 (1997).
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G. Carini, L. Orsingher, G. Tripodo, and E. Gillioli, Philos. Mag. 88, 4143 (2008).
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Reed, W. A.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

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Sato, S.

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[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tripodo, G.

G. Carini, L. Orsingher, G. Tripodo, and E. Gillioli, Philos. Mag. 88, 4143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Venghaus, H.

N. Grote and H. Venghaus, Fibre Optic Communication Devices (Springer-Verlag, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D. T.

Wang, J.

Wisk, P.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

Yablon, A. D.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

Yan, M. F.

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

Zenteno, L. A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and R. M. Derosier, Electron. Lett. 22, 1011 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, Electron. Lett. 45, 256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. R. Hammond, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 399 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

G. Carini, L. Orsingher, G. Tripodo, and E. Gillioli, Philos. Mag. 88, 4143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. D. Yablon, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, F. V. DiMarcello, J. W. Fleming, W. A. Reed, E. M. Monberg, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. Jasapara, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD06.

N. Grote and H. Venghaus, Fibre Optic Communication Devices (Springer-Verlag, 2001).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 72nd ed. (CRC, 1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

GeO 2 concentration and relative refractive index of preform sample 8.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Refractive index difference ( Δ n ) as a function of GeO 2 concentration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sound speed as a function of GeO 2 concentration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Acoustic index of Ge-doped silica.

Equations (2)

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f B = 2 n v A λ P ,
v A = v GeO 2 ( v GeO 2 / v SiO 2 ) + m ( 1 ( v GeO 2 / v SiO 2 ) ) m = ( M GeO 2 / M SiO 2 ) ρ SiO 2 [ GeO 2 ] ρ GeO 2 + [ GeO 2 ] ( ( M GeO 2 / M SiO 2 ) ρ SiO 2 ρ GeO 2 ) ,

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