Abstract

We report the implementation of an in-fiber optical switch by means of filling a fluid into the air holes of a photonic crystal fiber with a fiber Bragg grating. Such a switch can turn on/off light transmission with an extinction ratio of up to 33dB within a narrow wavelength range (Bragg wavelength) via a small temperature adjustment of ±5°C. The switching function is based on the temperature-dependent coupling between the fundamental core mode and the rod modes in the fluid-filled holes resulting from the thermo-optic effect of the filled fluid.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

F. Du, Y.-Q. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2000 (2)

Bartelt, H.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Becker, M.

Bergmann, J.

Bjarklev, A.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Broeng, J.

Brueckner, S.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Dong, X.

Du, F.

F. Du, Y.-Q. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181 (2004).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Ecke, W.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Fang, Q.

Guan, B.-O.

Hermann, D.

Ibsen, M.

Jin, L.

Jin, W.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Kai, G.

Kautz, M.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kobelke, J.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Larsen, T.

Liu, B.

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y.-Q.

F. Du, Y.-Q. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moerl, K.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Mörl, K.

Perlin, V. E.

Richardson, D. J.

Rothhardt, M.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Schroeder, K.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Shan, L.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Tan, X.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, M. Becker, S. Brueckner, J. Bergmann, J. Kobelke, and M. Rothhardt, Appl. Opt. 48, 1963 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Wang, Z.

Willsch, R.

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, S. Brueckner, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, K. Mörl, W. Ecke, and R. Willsch, Opt. Express 16, 7258 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

Winful, H. G.

Wu, S.-T.

F. Du, Y.-Q. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zou, B.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Du, Y.-Q. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2181 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Kautz, S. Brueckner, and M. Rothhardt, Opt. Commun. 282, 1129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

Y. Wang, H. Bartelt, W. Ecke, K. Moerl, W. Jin, K. Schroeder, R. Willsch, J. Kobelke, M. Rothhardt, L. Shan, S. Brueckner, and X. Tan, in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, 2009), pp. 1-2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Transmission loss of the PCF (IPHT-252b5 from Institute of Photonic Technology, http://www.ipht-jena.de), the inset being a cross-section image of the PCF. (b) Reflection spectrum of the FBG inscribed in the PCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Developments in the Bragg wavelength (▲ and ▼) and the relative reflection intensity (◼ and ◆) of the fluid-filled PCF (FBG) with an increased (T_up: ▲ and ◆) or decreased (T_down: ▼ and ◼) temperature. (b) Reflection spectra of the fluid-filled PCF (FBG) at 9°C, 16°C, and 25 ° C .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Refractive index change of the immersion oil with rising temperature. (b) Absorption coefficients of the immersion oil at different temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated modal maps for the fluid-filled PCF (FBG) at temperatures of (a) 9 ° C , (b) 16 ° C , (c) 25 ° C . The vertical dashed line illustrates the Bragg wavelength of the FBG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Calculated evolutions of Bragg wavelength (solid curve) and normalized reflection (dashed curve) for the fluid-filled FBG as a function of temperature. (b) Simulated mode energy distribution within the cross section of the fluid-filled PCF at 830 nm for an E x field at 20 ° C .

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